10/01/2009

Hunting in all seasons

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Hunting in all seasons

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: Various, see below.
***** Category: Humanity


*****************************
Explanation

Hunters living in the large forests of Japan are out in winter to get some food.
Bears, wild boars, deer and fowl. Dogs are used for hunting.
Usually they go in groups and share the food.

The official hunting season is from 15th of November to the 15th of February next year.
In Hokkaido it is from the first of October till 30th of January.


CLICK for more and original LINK ...  nbz.or.jp


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kigo for early winter



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kigo for mid-winter


nagashimochi 流黐 (ながしもち) luring waterfowl
mochi nagachi 黐流し(もちながし
Long branches were covered with birdlime to go after ducks and other waterfowl.


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kigo for late winter



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kigo for all winter



kari 狩 (かり) hunting
ryooki 猟期(りょうき)hunting season
kariba 狩場(かりば)hunting ground

ryoojin 猟人(りょうじん)hunter
... karyuudo 狩人(かりゅうど)
... satsuo 猟夫(さつお)
ryooken 猟犬(りょうけん)hunting dog, hound


ryoojuu 猟銃(りょうじゅう)hunting rifle, shotgun

kemonogari 獣狩(けものがり)hunting wild animals
shishigari 猪狩(ししがり) hunting wild boars, boar-hunting
shikagari 鹿狩(しかがり)deer-hunting

seiko 勢子(せこ)beater
They make a lot of noise to drive the animals toward the hunters.


yokohiki 夜興引(よこひき)(yogohikiよごひき) hunting at night
... yohiki 夜引(よひき)
Usually with dogs to lead the way in a mountain forest on a snowy night.

.................................................................................
.................................................................................


itachi wana 鼬罠 (いたちわな) trap for a weasel

weasel, itachi 鼬、イタチ


.................................................................................



kitsune wana 狐罠 (きつねわな) trap for fox hunting
... kitsune otoshi 狐落し(きつねおとし)
kitsune tsuri 狐釣(きつねつり)hunting for foxes


.................................................................................


kumamatsuki 熊突 (くまつき) hunting for bears
... kumagari 熊狩(くまがり)
... kumaryoo 熊猟(くまりょう)
anaguma uchi 穴熊打(あなぐまうち)driving the bear out of his hole


.................................................................................


usagigari 兎狩 (うさぎがり) rabbit-hunting
usagi ami 兎網(うさぎあみ) net for hunting rabbits
usagi wana 兎罠(うさぎわな)trap for hunting rabbits


.................................................................................



CLICK for more photos
takagari 鷹狩 (たかがり) hunting with hawks and falcons falconry
... hooyoo 放鷹(ほうよう)
takano 鷹野(たかの)open field with hawks

takajoo 鷹匠 (たかじょう) keeper, trainer of the falcons and hawks
... takashi 鷹師(たかし)
Falkner, Beizjäger

Hunting with hawks and falcons was a privilege of many lords, who kept their own hawks. Training a falcon was done in spring (see below). There are two ways to train them, one if the animals have only to recognize their own master.
The other to train them to recognize another person, if they were trained for the hunting expeditions of the local lord or daimyo.
Daimyo Falconry is now sometimes shown in Hamarikyu Park in Tokyo.
Hawk (taka 鷹 たか)


.................................................................................


tanukigari 狸狩(たぬきがり)badger-hunting
tanuki wana 狸罠 (たぬきわな) trap for hunting badgers

. WASHOKU
Tanukijiru 狸汁 (たぬきじる) Badgers' soup
  



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Hunting in Spring


kigo for all spring

torimochi ajiro 鳥持網代 ( とりもちあじろ)
hunting fish in traps with the help of water fowl
ikariryoo, ikari ryoo いかり漁(いかりょう)

Fishing KIGO in all seasons


................................................................................


kigo for late spring

naitogari 鳴鳥狩 ないとがり hunting with hawks
falcons and falconry
asa takagari 朝鷹狩(あさたかがり)
asatogari 朝鳥狩(あさとがり)、
oboegari 覚狩(おぼえがり)training the hawk
tomarigari 泊り狩(とまりがり)staying in the mountain (hut for training)
tomariyama, tomari-yama 泊り山(とまりやま)
kikisuedori 聞すえ鳥(ききすえどり)
misuedori 見すえ鳥(みすえどり)
suzuko 鈴子(すずこ) little bell
suzuko sasu taka 鈴子挿す鷹(すずこさすたか)
tsugi ootaka 継尾の鷹(つぎおのたか)
shirao no taka 白尾の鷹(しらおのたか)hawk with a white tail
shirafu no taka 白斑の鷹(しらふのたか)hawk with white spots

Hunting with hawks is done in winter, but the training of the animals starts in spring. They get a bell on one foot and have to learn how to hunt and come back to the master. Often the hawker and his animal stay in a mountain hut for a while together during this time.


................................................................................


kigo for late spring

ryooki owaru 猟期終る (りょうきおわる)
end of the hunting season
ryoo nagori 猟名残(りょうなごり)after the hunting season
..... nagori no ryoo 名残の猟(なごりのりょう)
juuryoo teishi 銃猟停止(じゅうりょうていし)end of rifles and hunting



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Hunting in Summer

kigo for all summer

tomoshi 照射 (ともし)
(hunting for deer in) torchlight

tomoshi suru 照射する(ともしする)
hogushi 火串(ほぐし)torch for hunting
hogushi furu 火串振る(ほぐしふる)
neraigari ねらい狩(ねらいがり)"aiming and hunting"
kanokogari 鹿の子狩(かのこがり)hunting for young deer

This is a very old way of hunting, already practised in the Heian period. Torches were placed at the end of the forest where deer was known to come out for grazing in the early evening. The hunters with bow and arrow waited for the animals to come out.


.SAIJIKI ... HUMANITY
Kigo for Summer
 



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


aki no kariba 秋の狩場 (あきのかりば)
hunting ground in autumn



. Hunting in AUTUMN
hatsuryoo 初猟 (はつりょう) first hunting



*****************************
Worldwide use


*****************************
Things found on the way



Matagi ryoori, matagi ryori マタギ料理, the cuisine of the hunters
sanniku ryoori, san-niku ryori (山肉料理)
"Mountain Meat Cuisine"
. WASHOKU
matagi meshi マタギ飯 bear hunter's rice and other dishes



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

CLICK for more photos

kariba, o-kariba お狩場 / お狩り場 the honorable hunting ground of the lord
The Shogun and other daimyo had their own hunting grounds.
WASHOKU : okaribayaki お狩場焼き is food prepared during a hunting session.


There are also deities to protect these areas.
Kariba Gongen 狩場権現, also called
Kariba Myojin (Kariba Myoojin) 狩場明神
CLICK here for PHOTOS !

He is especially venerated at Mount Koya.


高野明神像 ...... 丹生明神像 


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



kariginu 狩衣 hunters gear, hunters robes

. hunters robes at Kasuga Taisha shrine .

狩衣の袖の裏道ふ螢かな
kariginu no sode no ura hau hotaru kana

A firefly is moving
inside the light sleeve
of the nobleman's hunting robe

Tr. Merwin/Lento

nobleman's robe ---
inside its sleeve
a firefly crawls

Tr. Ueda

This hokku has the cut marker KANA at the end of line 3

. WKD : Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 in Edo .


*****************************
HAIKU



夜興引や犬心得て山の路
yokohiki ya inu kokoroete yama no michi

hunting at night ...
the dog knows the mountain paths
very well


Masaoka Shiki 子規


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


裏山に出て雪ありぬ兎狩
urayama ni dete yuki arinu usagigari

going out to the back mountain
it is covered with snow -
hunting for rabbits


Noburo 野風呂


Tr. Gabi Greve

*****************************
Related words

***** Winter (fuyu, Japan) the season


***** Check the WKD LIST of
. HUMANITY and All Winter Kigo



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

No comments: