Showing posts with label Canada. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Canada. Show all posts


Sugar Moon / Sap Moon



Sugar Moon / Sap Moon

***** Location: North America, Canada
***** Season: Spring
***** Category: Heaven


Please read the main entry HERE:

Maple Syrup

It officially referes to the March full moon in reference to maple tapping but
there are at least a few song lyrics that refer it to the June moon in reference to sugar cane.


Maple Sugaring
by Andy Baker

Maple trees, family Aceraceae, are one of the few trees whose sap is easily processed to produce sugar. And the sugar maple Acer saccharum, which exists only in North America, has the sweetest sap with a sugar content averaging 2.2%. Although no written documentation exists for the origins of maple sugaring, native linguistic references and mythologies suggest a long association betweensugaring and a number of Native North American tribes. Several tribes refer to the first full moon in March as the Maple or Sugar Moon and have stories thatrelate the origins of maple sugaring. The Iroquois attribute the discovery to aparticular squaw who used the sap for boiling food and found that the liquid became sweeter as it boiled.

Maple Sugaring / lake metro parks


Sap Moon
by Jessica Prentice

Just before the first thaw after the cold winter, comes the Sap Moon.
Though snow and ice still cover the ground throughout the North, the very first movements of spring stir within the forest trees. The sap of renewed life begins to rise up through the trunks, making its slow and steady way to the outermost tips of the branches where it will nurture the buds that will become new leaves.

While all northern trees produce sap at this time of year, the sugar maple in particular inspired the naming of the Sap Moon. Maple sap runs from the first sign of thaw until the first buds appear on the trees -- a period of four to six weeks, depending on the weather.
When the sap was running it was time to head for your nearest grove of sugar maples -- called a sugar bush -- begin tapping the trees, collecting sap, and pouring it into large pots for sugaring.
(Another name for this moon was the Sugar Moon.)


Full Worm - March Moon

As the temperature begins to warm and the ground begins to thaw, earthworm casts appear, heralding the return of the robins. The more northern tribes knew this Moon as the Full Crow Moon, when the cawing of crows signaled the end of winter; or the Full Crust Moon, because the snow cover becomes crusted from thawing by day and freezing at night.

The Full Sap Moon, marking the time of tapping maple trees, is another variation. To the settlers, it was also known as the Lenten Moon, and was considered to be the last full Moon of winter.


Lyrics for Song: Sugar Moon
Lyrics for Album: You Don't Know Me: Songs of Cindy Walker
(Bob Wills/Cindy Walker)

When it's sugarcane time
And around about June
I'll be walkin' with my sugar
'Neath that old sugar moon

All the lovin' I missed
I'll be gettin' it soon
I'll be gettin' it from my sugar
'Neath that old sugar moon

I can see us right now
Get the calendar down
(And) Draw a circle around
The day we're heaven bound
When it's sugarcane time
And around about June
All the birds will be singin'
'Neath that old sugar moon

I can see us right now
Get the calendar down
(And) Draw a circle around
The day we're heaven bound
When it's sugarcane time
And around about June
All the birds will be singin'
'Neath that old sugar moon

When it's sugarcane time
And around about June
I'll be walkin' with my sugar
'Neath that old sugar moon

Sugar Moon
Year 1910
Music by Percy Wenrich
Words by Stanley Murphy

Jerome H. Remick & Co.
New York and Detroit

First Verse
Lindy Lou and Jasper in the fields of sugar cane, Down in Loosiana, Jasper was so love sick, that his heart was filled with pain For his Lindy Lou. When the sun was shining bright, He'd make love with all his might, Lindy'd say: "You're acting like a loon, Don't come fussin' 'round at noon, Nighttime is the time to spoon, Underneath the sugar moon."

Second Verse
Jasper says to Lindy: "Won't you be my lovin' bride?" Sugar moon am shinin', Lindy says "Uh huh", and cuddles closer to his side, Wedding mighty soon. Gwine to have a barbecue, Gwine to roast an ox or two, Possum pie 'simmon jam and coon. Can't you hear the banjos ring, Can't you hear Miss Lindy sing, Underneath the sugar moon?

When the sugar moon am moonin,' You can spoon and keep on spoonin,' Croon a tune and keep on croonin' When you croon, croon a tune, that a coon can croon in June. For I love to hear you hummin', And I dearly love to spoon; But my lovin' coon, turtle dovin' coon, Underneath the sugar moon.


CD Album- Sugar Moon Sugar Moon
Song- Satoukibibatake, Sugar Cane Field

Worldwide use

Things found on the way


sugar moon
a maple icicle

sugar moon
a clear bead
on the broken twig

susan delphine delaney, plano, texas

Related words

***** Maple Syrup



Maple syrup Kaede


Maple syrup

***** Location: North America
***** Season: Spring
***** Category: Humanity


Researching the history of our township Maple Valley ...

The following quotes were compiled by Michael Baribeau .



The Maple Valley Name
by Bertha (Mrs. Carl) Johnson

Valley Of The Maples. Where did Maple Valley get its name? When the first settlers came in 1858, the area was thickly forested with beautiful maple groves and pine trees. Many romances blossomed in the sugar bushes, as they were called, when the sap from the maple trees was gathered in buckets, boiled down in huge vats over a blazing fire and became maple syrup and sugar. It became the place to go for young folks to watch the process.

Sap started flowing the first warm days of spring. It was time for farmers to tap the trees and hang the buckets to catch the sap. Maple Syrup and sugar became the first crop of the year for many farmers who had settled in the valley.


Maple syrup and sugar are among the oldest agricultural commodities produced in the United States. Native Americans are generally credited with discovering how to convert maple sap into maple syrup. The importance of maple products for local trade was established well before the arrival of the first European settlers in North America. Maple syrup production is confined to the northeastern portion of the United States, with the largest amounts produced in Vermont and New York.


Michigan makes about 80,000 gallons of maple syrup a year.

Michigan is ranked at number 7 in terms of quantity of production (and number 1 with quality!)

There are an estimated 500 commercial maple syrup producers in Michigan with some 2,000 additional hobby or home use producers.

Michigan's law requires that a processor of maple syrup be licensed.

It takes about 40 gallons of maple sap to make just 1 gallon of maple syrup.

For the best maple sap, a maple tree should be 40 years old with a diameter of 10 inches before tapping is recommended.

Average sugar concentration of maple sap is about 2.5 percent.

Maple season in Michigan runs from February to April.

Freezing and thawing temperatures create pressure and force the sap out of the tree.

while budding makes the maple syrup taste bitter, thus production ceases.

Maple syrup is 100 percent pure - no additives, no coloring, and no preservatives.

Maple syrup has 50 calories per tablespoon.

Maple syrup has many minerals per tablespoon: 20 milligrams of calcium, 2 milligrams of phosphorus, .2 milligrams of iron, 2 milligrams of sodium and 35 milligrams of potassium.


The flow of sap is highly dependant upon weather conditions. Flow does not begin until after a time of hard freeze, followed by several sunny days with temperatures in the 40s. The peak flow occurs early in the sugaring season when it freezes at night and is bright and sunny the next day with the temperature in the 40s. The flow will stop when daytime temperatures do not go above freezing, or when night temperatures do not go below freezing.

The flow usually lasts roughly three to four weeks. While it flows, collect daily the sap, preferably late afternoon. If the trees are tapped too soon and flow does not begin, it is possible that the holes will seal over and subsequent flow is inhabited significantly. The holes may have to be redrilled in this case.


Several species of maple trees grow in Michigan.
Though all produce sap suitable for the production of maple syrup, two species of sugar maple (acer saccharum) and black maple (acer nigrum), are the source of sap for most commercial maple production. Sap suitable for conversion into syrup may also be obtained from red and silver maples, though such sap usually has a lower sugar content.

Worldwide use

Things found on the way


Although I don't know anyone personally who taps maples I do know the Old Order Amish in our area are doing it...

Amish farm
the maple syrup sign
still not out

Michael Baribeau

The Amish (Pennsylvania Dutch: Amisch, German: Amische),
sometimes referred to as Amish Mennonites, are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships that form a subgroup of the Mennonite churches. The Amish are known for simple living, plain dress, and reluctance to adopt many conveniences of modern technology. The history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Alsatian Anabaptists in 1693 led by Jakob Ammann.
Those who followed Ammann became known as Amish.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. The North American Saijiki Project .   


a fly feasts
on the maple syrup
reckless teenager

Victor P. Gendrano, 2002


end of winter
already the maple tree
awakes from sleep

maple syrup
on breakfastpancakes -
spoiling the children

Patricia Prime, 2004, tinywords


breakfast of champions
she pours maple syrup on
her pancakes

Copyright © 1996-2002 by Heather Madrone .


sugaring off-
the staccato tapping sound
of a woodpecker

honourable mention, the Betty Drevniok Award 2008

- Shared by Pamela Cooper, Canada -
Joys of Japan, 2012

Related words

***** Sugar Moon / Sap Moon Full Worm - March Moon. North America

***** Canada Saijiki


kigo for late autumn

kaede 楓 (かえで) maple tree
fam. Acer

momiji もみじ Momiji tree
kaerude かえるで

kaede momiji 楓紅葉(かえでもみじ)
red autumn leaves of the maple tree
.... koofuu 紅楓(こうふう)

- - - - - many special and local varieties :

Takao Momiji 高尾紅葉(たかおもみじ)maples at Mount Takao, Tokyo
..... Takao kaede 高尾かえで(たかおかえで)
Iroha kaede いろはかえで
Yamamomiji 山紅葉(やまもみじ)
Chirimem kaede 縮緬かえで(ちりめんかえで)
kirenishiki きれにしき
hauchiwa kaede 羽団扇かえで(はうちわかえで)
meigetsu kaede 名月かえで(めいげつかえで)
asa no ha kaede 麻の葉かえで(あさのはかえで)
Itaya kaede 板屋かえで(いたやかえで)
Too kaede 唐かえで(とうかえで)
mine kaede 嶺かえで(みねかえで)

mitsude kaede 三つ手かえで(みつでかえで)
hitotsude kaede 一つ葉かえで(ひとつばかえで)

. Red Autumn Leaves 紅葉 momiji .
and more about differene maple varieties,
including the Latin names for the varieties above.









Beaver (Castor canadensis)

***** Location: Canada, North America
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Animal


Beaver, the national emblem of Canada

young beavers
kigo for spring
Young beavers leave the nest in spring when they are two-years-old, to make room for the next litter, and go off to build lodges and dams in new territory.

preparing lodges, building dams
kigo for autumn

"Full Beaver Moon" .. November
setting beaver traps

kigo for early winter

Native American Indians:
"This was the time to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs. Another interpretation suggests that the name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon."

hibernating, hole-up
kigo for winter

In winter, they mostly hole-up in their lodges with a winter-long store of food while the pond they have created with their dam may be mostly frozen over.

Larry Bole



Where the beaver lives
The beaver lives near wooded streams. Beavers are found in most parts of Canada ( the north, the west and on the prairies). In the rest of North America the beaver's range extends from Alaska to the southern United States.

The beaver's home
The beaver builds a home (lodge) made of mud and branches. The inside of the beaver's home consists of one or more underwater passages, a feeding area and a dry area for the nest. Most lodges are about 5 metres wide and 2 metres high. There is a fresh air hole at the top (roof) of the lodge.

The beaver is the largest rodent in North America. A full grown beaver can weigh from 16 to 32 kg. It can be from 60 to 80 cm. in length. Beavers has long sharp front teeth.

A beaver's tail is flat (about 30 cm. long) and covered with scales . The beaver uses the tail to steer when swimming or for balance when sitting on land . If an enemy is near, the beaver slaps its tail on the water to warn other beavers. The tail is not used to plaster mud on dams or lodges.

Beavers eat the bark and leaves of trees. Their favorite tree is the aspen. Beavers also eat grasses, berries and waterplants.
In the winter the beaver family stays inside a lodge. There can be six or more in the lodge including parents, yearlings and kits. They do not hibernate. Enough food must be stored to last all winter. The beaver's food pile of twigs and branches is at the bottom of the pond close to the entrance to the lodge. During the winter the beaver dives down to get some food.

The young
Beavers mate for life. Early in the summer ( May or June ) the female has a litter of three or four kits. The newborn have fur, teeth and can see and walk. The babies remain inside for about a month. The yearlings act as babysitters for the new litter. During their second year, young beavers help their parents repair the dam and lodge and gather food for winter. Young beavers stay with their parents until they are two years old.

© J.Giannetta

More Beaver Information and LINKS
University of Michigan


Just recently, a beaver was sighted swimming in the Bronx River within the city limits of New York City. It has built a beaver lodge on the bank of the river.

This is the first time a beaver in the wild has been seen in New York City in 200 years!
It has been named Jose, after U.S. Representative Jose Serrano, who over the last five years has secured US$14.6 million in federal funding to clean up the river and its environment. The Bronx River flows south into the Bronx from Westchester County to the north, and empties into the East River.

Starting in the nineteenth century, the Bronx River has been extremely polluted with industrial waste. The beaver is a positive sign of the river becoming clean again.

The official seal of the City of New York has, among other things, two beavers on it.

And here is a picture of a beaver depicted on a decorative tile on the wall of the subway station at Astor Place, which is on the western edge of the East Village area of Manhattan. Astor Place is named after John Jacob Astor, who made a fortune in the beaver fur trade, and was the first millionaire in the United States.


"If I can make it there,
I'm gonna make it anywhere,
It's up to you,

New York, New York."

--from "New York, New York," popularized by Frank Sinatra

a beaver too
can make it here--
new york, new york

Larry Bole

Worldwide use

North America

The state of Oregon has the nickname "The Beaver State," and the American beaver is the state animal.

The beaver is also the state animal of the state of New York.

Things found on the way


Freezing day...
above the beaver house
a puff of steam.

It is a very cold, calm day and it is something like -25C. We are walking out in the bush and come upon a frozen pond. At one end is a beaver dam and at the other end is a beaver house. There are beaver inside as we can see the steam from their breaths rise from a vent hole in their house. We assume it is warm and cozy inside.


Trickling dam...
a full pond yet beavers
remain unseen.

On a trip to Coyote Lake we saw beaver dams with their ponds full of water. However, we did not see any actual beavers around... maybe they were having an afternoon snooze in their beaver house.

© 2 Haiku by Vaughn Seward (aka "Masago")



even the little beaver
says shit on work
this spring day

Cor van den Heuvel, Simply Haiku 2005


the slap of a beaver tail
at twilight

--Alice Frampton
("The Heron's Nest," Vol. VII, No. 3: September, 2005)

snowmelt -
beaver dam swept
to the river's edge

--William Scott Galasso
("The Heron's Nest," Vol. IV, No. 8: August, 2002)

Winter moon;
a beaver lodge in the marsh,
mounded with snow

--Robert Spiess
["Haiku West," 6:1 (1972); "The Haiku Anthology,"
edited by Cor van den Heuvel (Norton, 1999)]

Quiet strokes
of night swimmer: the slap
of beaver tails . . .

--Virginia Brady Young
(Honorable Mention, 1979 Harold G. Henderson Memorial Award,
The Haiku Society of America)

rainstorm on the pond;
beaver pushing a poplar limb
to plug the dam

--Charles Dickson
(publication information unknown)

On my fishing log
A beaver's wet belly has
Left a brush stroke there

--Brian Kokensparger
("Dogwood Blossoms," Vol. 1, Issue 8, June, 1994)

Compiled by Larry Bole


low water
marsh mud smell mingles
with wood smoke

bob / Hapy Haiku 2010

Related words

***** BACK TO
Canada Saijiki