Little New Year (January 15)


"Little New Year" (koshoogatsu)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: New Year
***** Category: Season


"Little New Year", minor new year,
koshoogatsu 小正月(こしょうがつ)

According to the Asian Lunar Calendar, but this is now celebrated on January 15.
A Chinese lunar month started with the new moon.
An older Japanese system had a lunar month start with the full moon.
This makes allocations for kigo quite difficult, especially for the New Year kigo and celebrations on our present January 15.

CLICK for more photos CLICK for more photos

Other kigo versions are

mochi shoogatsu 望正月(もちしょうがつ)
mochidoshi 望年(もちどし)

"young year", wakatoshi 若年(わかとし)
"young New Year", waka shoogatsu 若正月(わかしょうがつ)

second New Year, niban shoogatsu 二番正月(にばんしょうがつ)
"small Year", kotoshi 小年(こどし)
"flower New Year" 、hana shoogatsu 花正月(はなしょうがつ)

Most decorations for the New Year are burnt on this day, as it marks the end of the New Year Celebrations.
Dondo Yaki, Sankuroo and Daruma 三九郎とだるま

CLICK for more photos CLICK for more English photos
Dondo Yaki どんどやき


Since the BIG New Year (oo shoogatsu 大正月, Men's New Year, otoko shoogatsu 男正月) is a busy time for the womanfolk to serve the many visitors, on the day of January 15, they are the ones to celebrate. This is called

New Year for the Woman, Onna Shoogatsu
..... me shogatsu 女正月(めしょうがつ)

CLICK for more photos of mother resting

Now the womanfolk can start to relax, they have been busy with all the New Year preparations, like cleaning the house and preparing food for the family and visitors.

In Okinawa, this day is celebrated with colorful parades of the ladies, called Juriba sunee ジュリ馬スネー, sometimes on January 20.

CLICK for more photos

"Michi Junee" consists of a parade of men and women wearing traditional Ryukyu costumes accompanied by sanshin shamisen and drums. The parade will be led by a group bearing colorful flags and a god called Miruku (Miroku Bosatsu), who is believed to visit Okinawa on New Year’s Day from across the sea, bringing happiness to the island. Also, a vibrant eisa performance and various Ryukyu performing arts will top off the New Year’s event.
© Ryukyu Mura



Typical Decoration for Small New Year

More photos !

Koshogatsu - A Time of Celebration

New Year is the largest, and perhaps the oldest celebration in Japan. Having both religious and secular associations, it is much like Christmas in Canada.

In A.D. 604, the lunar calendar used in China was adopted for use by the Japanese government. This calendar had both a lunar component which regulated civic events and a solar component which was used for agricultural purposes.

The new moon marked the beginning of the official months but date discrepancies existed between official celebrations and folk celebrations. Using the lunar calendar the New Year was to begin at the second new moon after the winter solstice.

This was the "Great New Year" or shogatsu. At the full moon two weeks later, there was another celebration called "Little New Year" or koshogatsu. Traditionally, these dates would occur sometime from the end of January to the middle of February. However, when the government adopted the Gregorian calendar, shogatsu became associated with the first day of January and koshogatsu fell on the 15th of January.
© www.smu.ca/ Paul Fitzgerald

. mogura-uchi 土龍打 ( もぐらうち) "hitting the moles" .

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

EISA drummers of Okinawa

Traditional Okinawan Bon festival drum-dancing (eisa)
source : www.okinawastory.j

Worldwide Eisa Festival 2011
Sunday, October 16, 2011
Okinawa Eisa festival held in Naha

The first Eisa dance festival was held in Naha City in Japan's southernmost prefecture of Okinawa on Sunday. Eisa is the island's unique folk dance.
The Worldwide Eisa Festival 2011 was held to coincide with the 5th Worldwide Uchinanchu Festival, where people celebrate their ancestral roots in Okinawa.
Local people and the descendants of emigrants from Okinawa danced at the prefectural stadium.
Eighteen members of a Brazilian team performed a dance based on the theme of emigrants crossing the ocean by ship. The team is made up of second and
third-generation descendants who have danced at events in Sao Paulo.
The team leader, 21-year-old Tadashi Nakasone, made his first visit to Okinawa this year. His grandfather was from Okinawa. He began practicing Eisa dancing 10 years ago when he became interested in Okinawa's culture.
Nakasone said he is happy that he can express his love for Okinawa's culture through his performances. He said he had a wonderful experience on the stage that was almost beyond description.
Dancers from Los Angeles and Hawaii also took part in the event.
source : NHK world news


. hoojari ほうじゃり Hojari amulet
from Chiba prefecture


母が家に 母のもの着し 女正月
haha ga ya ni haha no mono kishi me shoogatsu

I put on mother's clothes
in her house -
New Year of women

Yoko Yamamoto
Tr. Etsuko Yanagibori
with photo !


Hokkeji ni mamori inu kau koshoogatsu

at temple Hokke-Ji
I buy a dog talisman -
little New Year

Kawai Kayoko 河合佳代子

. Temple Hokke-Ji 法華寺 Nara .


me shoogatsu hitori wa naki ni kite orinu

Women's New Year -
one woman came
just to cry

Hayashi Kikue, 林菊枝

haha ni au koojitsu mo naki onna shoogatsu

I have no more excuses
to suit my mother ...
Women's New Year

Wada Shookai 和田照海

Collection of 80 haiku about Women's New Year
© www.haisi.com 女正月

Related words

***** New Year (shinnen, shin nen) Worldwide

***** New Year Ceremonies of Japan
.......... A topical Saijiki

source : mingeijapan - furoshiki




No comments: