Trillium (Trilliaceae)



Trillium (kinugasasoo)

***** Location: Japan, North America
***** Season: Various, see below
***** Category: Plant


Trillium is a family of various flowers.

Trillium, kinugasa soo 衣笠草 (きぬがさそう) キヌガサソウ
"flower hat plant", hanagasa soo 花笠草(はながさそう)
kigo for late summer in Japan

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Trillium grandiflorum
kigo for spring in North America

Trillium is a genus of about 40-50 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants, native to temperate regions of North America and Asia. They used to be treated in the family Trilliaceae or Trillium family, a part of the Liliales or Lily order. The AGP II treats Trilliaceae as a synonym of the family Melanthiaceae. Common names include trillium, wakerobin, and birthroot. The above ground parts of Trilliums are scapes with three large, leafy bracts with the true leaves reduced to underground papery coverings around the rhizomes.

In the east of North America, the most common is Trillium grandiflorum (Large-flowered Trillium). This plant has a large, often white, three-petaled flower above three broad bracts that look like leaves. The name was given by Linnaeus. Trillium grandiflorum is often the first wildflower noticed by casual walkers; other spring wildflowers are much less apparent.

In western North America, a typical species is Trillium ovatum (Western Trillium) also with white flowers, that slowly turn into a shade of purple in the middle of spring.
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Worldwide use

Things found on the way


dripping pines
trilliums line a
forest path

beaver pond
trilliums glisten
with new rain

© bob
Happy Haiku Forum


trillium -
a spot of white
beside the trail

© bethel
Kigo Hotline Forum

Related words

***** WKD Reference


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