4/09/2007

Bedtime quilt (yogi)

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Bedtime quilt (yogi)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Winter
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

In olden times, poor people uses a quilted kimono for the night. It could be used as a blanket and slipped in when there was need to go to the outhouse.
The quilting was made from cotton or other material for poor people.

This is not a pyjama in our Western image.




Click HERE to look at more photos !


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bedtime quilt, night quilt, padded kimono, yogi
夜着 よぎ
..... kaimaki, 掻巻(かいまき)
short-length quilded kimono, koyogi 小夜着(こよぎ)

quilt, fusuma 衾

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Click on the LINK to see how it is made.

© PHOTO Darumax store

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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way


The shikibuton in the towns of the Edo period ranged from lavish ones to poor ones, called like a thin rice cracker
senbei futon 煎餅布団 "rice cracker matress" and had only little cotton stuffing.
In Edo, futon usually ment the matress, whereas in Osaka (Kamigata) they began to use kakebuton quilted blanket covers a lot earlier.

There is a famous haiku of a disciple of Basho
Hattori Ransestu 服部嵐雪, who as a man from Edo was surprised to find the people in Kyoto using a blanket.


ふとん着てねたる姿や東山
futon kite netaru sugata ya Higashiyama

wearing a futon
while he sleeps ...
Higashiyama


. Higashiyama, District in Kyoto  



. Keeping warm in Winter ... futons and more


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HAIKU


yogi o kite aruite mitari doyoo-boshi

Summer airing:
Trying on a quilt,
And walking about in it.


Kikaku 基角

(Tr. Blyth)
Read a discussion about this translation.


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Matsuo Basho Haiku Stone Memorial
At the temple Horaiji in Mikawa 三河の国蓬莱寺


© PHOTO 牛久市森田武さん撮影


夜着ひとつ祈り出して旅寝かな
yogi hitotsu inori-idashite tabine kana

on Mt. Horai

Due to the blasts of the north wind, it was a cold day. Basho was troubled by his usual illness, stomach ache, and was not able to climb all the way to the top. He may already have turned back after composing his haiku at the Niomon Gate. On top of that, it happened to be the day of the temple’s festival and Basho found that all inns at the foot of the mountain were occupied.

With difficulty, he managed to secure a small room in a dingy place. There was no proper bedding, and Basho felt cold and miserable. Hakusetsu ran up the mountain again to one of the subtemples to borrow a padded kimono for the haiku master to keep warm during the night. This inspired Basho to the second haiku of that day:

a padded kimono
received by prayer
sleeping on my journey


source : Ad Blankestijn - Japan Navigator

Written in 1691, 元禄4年10月末

MORE about
. - Basho visiting Hoorai san 蓬莱山 Mount Horai-San - .
Hooraiji 鳳来寺 Horai-Ji


MORE about tabine, sleeping on the road
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

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夜着は重し呉天に雪を見るあらん
yogi wa omoshi goten ni yuki o miru aran

the quilts are heavy -
snow falling in Goten
is clearly visible

Tr. Gabi Greve


The bedclothes are so heavy;
The snow of the sky of the Kingdom of Wu
Will soon be seen.

Tr. Blyth


. Goten 呉天 "The Sky of Wu" in China .
and Basho's personal style


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初秋や畳みながらの蚊屋の夜着
hatsu aki ya tataminagara no kaya no yogi

first sign of autumn -
the folded mosquito net
as my blanket


Written in 1691 元禄4年秋

As the nights are getting cool, Basho uses his folded mosquito net to keep warm for this night.

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


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鐘つきに夜着を離るる寒哉
kanetsuki ni yogi o hanaruru samusa kana

the ringing of the bell
drives me out of my bed quilting
and into the cold . . .


The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 in Edo .


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鼠らよ小便無用古衾
nezumi-ra yo shooben muyoo furu fusuma

hey mice
no pissing on my old
winter quilt!

Tr. David Lanoue

. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 Issa in Edo .


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Related words

***** Warm Things to keep you warm in Winter in Japan A KIGO list.

***** Dog Days (doyoo, Japan) Hundstage

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5 comments:

Anonymous said...


a face pokes out
the winter quilt...
"Hey, vegetable man!"

fusuma kara kao dashite yobu na uri kana

.衾から顔出してよぶ菜うり哉

by Issa, 1813

The vegetable vendor (na uri) is making his rounds. Someone, swaddled in quilts, shouts out, presumably to get the vendor's attention.

Tr. David Lanoue
http://cat.xula.edu/issa/

Ella Wagemakers said...

bedtime quilt ...
a worn childhood tale
about two teddy bears

worn-out quilt
my big toe still fits
in the hole

:>) Ella Wagemakers

.. Gabi Greve about Mt. Utsu said...

宇津の山女に夜着を借て寝る
Utsu no yama onna ni yogi o karite neru

Mount Utsu -
from a woman I borrow
a nightgown and sleep


Matsuo Basho, Saga Diary, April 25
Tr. Gabi Greve

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

初秋や畳みながらの蚊屋の夜着
hatsu aki ya / tatami nagara no / kaya no yogi

Matsuo Basho

http://matsuobasho-wkd.blogspot.jp/2012/07/hatsumono-first-things.html

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

よぎはおもしごてんにゆきをみるあらん
yogi wa omoshi goten ni yuki o miru aran

The bedclothes are so heavy;
The snow of the sky of the Kingdom of Wu
Will soon be seen.

Matsuo Basho