Illness in all seasons


Common Cold (kaze)

***** Location: Japan, worldwide
***** Season: All winter, others see below
***** Category: Humanity


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common cold, kaze 風邪 (かぜ)
fuuja ふうじゃ、kanboo 感冒(かんぼう)
"feeling of running" ryuukan 流感(りゅうかん)

feeling a cold, kaze ge 風邪気(かざけ)
..... kaze gokochi 風邪心地(かぜごこち)
voice with a cold, hoarse, nasal voice, kazegoe
"nose cold", hanakaze鼻風邪(はなかぜ)

cold medicine, kazegusuri 風邪薬(かぜぐすり)

god of the cold, kaze no kami 風邪の神(かぜのかみ)
god of coughing, sekigamisama 咳神様

© PHOTO : yumi , sekigamisama

Here is another private shrine in the garden of the Ikeda Jirokichi Family. They pray for healing when someone gets a cold and offer a rice scoop (shamoji しゃもじ) when he gets better and pray for the wellbeing of the family. This shrine is also called "Rice scoop deity", O-Shamoji sama, オシャモジ様.

© PHOTO : Hayabuchi


seki 咳 (せき) cough, coughing
... shiwabuki しわぶき( 咳き)

kusame 嚔 (くさめ) sneezing
... kushami くしゃみ、kussame くっさめ
hanahiri 鼻ひり(はなひり)nose feels like sneezing

mizubana 水洟 みずばな running nose, sniveling
... hanamizu 三冬 洟水(はなみず)
mizuppana みずっぱな

yuzame 湯ざめ (ゆざめ) feeling cold after a hot bath

infuruenza インフルエンザ influenza

aki kinu to gatten sasetaru kusame kana

autumn has come
I am convinced now
by this sneeze . . .

The cut marker KANA is at the end of line 3.

hashitanaki nyoju no kusame ya hototogisu

the vulgar sneezing
of a junior court lady -

. Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村 in Edo .


Acute viral nasopharyngitis, or acute coryza, usually known as the common cold, is a highly contagious, viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system, primarily caused by picornaviruses or coronaviruses.

Common symptoms are sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and cough; sometimes accompanied by 'pink eye', muscle aches, fatigue, malaise, headaches, muscle weakness, and/or loss of appetite. Fever and extreme exhaustion are more usual in influenza. The symptoms of a cold usually resolve after about one week, but can last up to 14 days.

Symptoms may be more severe in infants and young children. Although the disease is generally mild and self-limiting, patients with common colds often seek professional medical help, use over-the-counter drugs, and may miss school or work days. The annual cumulative societal cost of the common cold in developed countries is considerable in terms of money spent on remedies, and hours of work lost.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

kesa aki ya okori no ochita yoo na sora

first autumn morning--
a fever-curing
kind of sky

Kobayashi Issa

Shinji Ogawa believes that ochita ("dropped") means, in this context, "cured." On the first morning of autumn, Issa sees a fever-curing kind of sky. The editors of Issa zenshu^ note that okori is the mosquito-borne disease of malaria (Nagano: Shinano Mainichi Shimbunsha, 1976-79) 4.62, which supports Shinji's interpretation: the chilly autumn weather will put an end to summer's disease-spreading mosquitoes. French translator Jean Cholley notes that after Issa's fever broke, he had a dream in which he saw his dead daughter Sato; 245-46, note 124.
Tr. and Comment : David Lanoue  

okori 瘧 the ague, intermittent fever, the shakes

okori ga ochiru 瘧が落ちる
to wake from a fever-induced delirium


a long winter day;
my wife interrupts herself,
sneezing now and then

Larry Bole, February 2008


kusameshite hyappa no hato o katashimuru

I sneeze and
one hundred doves
fly up in the air

Sakaino Noriko 境野 典子
Tr. Gabi Greve


kusame shite oni ni mitsukaru kakurenbo

I have to sneeze
and get caught ...
playing hide and seek

Yura Yumi 涌羅由美, 2005
Tr. Gabi Greve


swine flu season in Kenya 2009

my brother
struggling to breathe --
swine flu

~ Harrison Mwangangi

cold afternoon --
the rhythm of sneezing
in our classroom

~ Jedidah Nduku

a sneezing student
wipes mucus with her hand --
quiet exam room

~ Stephen Macharia

sneezing aloud --
mucus drips into
my handkerchief

~ Elkana Mogaka

stinking handkerchief --
a student's nostril flooded
with mucus

~ Stephen Nzomo

chilly morning --
mucus flowing from
my sore nose

~ Kilunda

aromatic liniment --
my aunt dabs at her
swollen tonsils

~ Beryl Achieng

my grandmother
with a soaked handkerchief --
peeling nostrils

~ Vivian Adhiambo

my mother washing
a slippery handkerchief --
sniffs from a running nose

~ Erick Mwange

a drop of mucus
on my exam papers --
cold morning

~ Patrick Wafula

Selection of the Shiku Monthly Kukai
by members of the Kenya Saijiki Forum

Related words

Illness and disease as kigo in Spring

haru no kaze 春の風邪 (はるのかぜ) common cold in spring
gangasa iyu 雁瘡癒ゆ (がんがさいゆ) "goose ekzema" itching
dry skin itching

mashin 麻疹 (ましん) measles. Masern
..... kashin はしか

late spring

shutoo 種痘 しゅとう smallpox
..... ueboosoo 植疱瘡(うえぼうそう)

. Daruma, Smallpox and the color Red


humanity kigo for all summer

natsu no kaze 夏の風邪 なつのかぜ cold in summer
..... natsukaze 夏風邪(なつかぜ) summer cold

shokiatari, shoki-atari 暑気中り (しょきあたり) heat stroke
..... shokimake 暑さ負け(あつさまけ)
atsusa atari 暑さあたり(あつさあたり)

mizuatari 水中り (みずあたり) diarrhoea from bad water

natsuyase 夏痩 (なつやせ) loosing weight in summer
...... natsumake 夏負け(なつまけ)


. asemo 汗疹 (あせも) prickly heat, heat rush  
..... aseba あせぼ、asemo 汗疣(あせも)
natsuboshi 夏沸瘡 (なつぼし) severe case of prickley heat
..... natsubushi 夏ぶし(なつぶし)
..... natsumushi 夏むし(なつむし)

kakke 脚気 (かっけ) beriberi
vitamin B1 deficiency

marariya マラリヤ malaria
..... okori 瘧 (おこり)
..... gyaku 瘧(ぎゃく)

World Malaria Day - April 25
source : www.worldmalariaday.org

mizumushi 水虫 (みずむし) athlete's foot

a very common, contagious ailment, almost in all seasons, through the use of common slippers in public areas and the use of public baths and hot springs

tsutsugamushibyoo 恙虫病 (つつがむしびょう) scrub typhus
Japanese river fever
tsutsugamushi is a harvest mite, chigger, fam. Trombiculidae
It is seen as a legendary animal to cause disease in summer in the Edo period illustrations 絵本百物語.


kigo for late summer

nisshabyoo 日射病 (にっしゃびょう) sunstroke
..... etsubyoo 暍病(えつびょう)


korera コレラ cholera
..... 虎列剌(これら)
..... korori ころり
korerasen コレラ船(これらせん) cholera boat
(to isolate the patients)

kakuran 霍乱 "cholera of the Edo period"
a kind of food poisoning
also translated as "sunstroke"

sekiri 赤痢 (せきり) dysentery
..... ekiri 疫痢(えきり) hayate 颶風病(はやて)


kigo for all autumn

gangasa 雁瘡 (がんがさ) "goose ekzema"
gansoo 雁瘡(がんそう), kangasa 雁来瘡(がんがさ)


***** Medical Kigo, seasonal affections and disorders  SAD, the FLU ...

***** Medicine Day (kusuri no hi)Japan. Medicine-related kigo. Chinese Medicine.

***** Illness, disease and Hospital Stay

***** Yakushi Nyorai 薬師如来、Buddha of Medicine

***** ..... The Gods of Japan and Haiku (kami to hotoke)




Anonymous said...

His sneezes
shake the house -
flu season...

Zhanna P. Rader

Ella Wagemakers said...

Scientific research has revealed that the bacteria that causes the common cold mutates all the time, which is why we'll never really be rid of it. Does this mean it could eventually turn into a year-long all-seasons kigo? On one hand, I hope so; on the other hand, I hope not!

a dog sneezes
the fleas on his back

:>) Ella

anonymous said...

irezumi no mune o chôshin hayari-kaze

placing a stethoscope
on the tattooed chest
influenza season

Kanoko Wakata 若田鹿野子
(Tr. Fay Aoyagi)


Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Ibaraki, 水戸市 Mito

keikeigami ケイケイ神,seki no kami 咳の神 Kami of coughing

Near the Yakushi of 台町 Daimachi there is a sanctuary for the God of Coughing. It used to be a shrine for Lord Kuruma Tsunatada, 車斯忠丹波守 (? - 1602) . He had lost a battle and tried to hide in the forest, but could not suppress his coughing, was found out and killed.
After his death, he became the local 百日咳の神 "God of the whooping cough".

Gabi Greve said...

kaze 風邪と伝説 Legends about catching a cold

Gabi Greve said...

Legends about
kaze no kami 風邪の神 Deity of the common cold
kaze no kamisama かぜの神様
Sekigamisama 咳神様 Deity of coughing


Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Ehime 松山市 Matsuyama city 平田町 Hirata town
The statue of 地蔵 Jizo Bosatsu at 常福寺 the temple Jofuku-Ji is seated.
Once upon a time, the head priest felt his death coming and settled down in the seated Zazen meditation position.
When the villagers came for their last visit, on the sound of the temple bell, the priest died.
His last words were:
"If people come with children suffering from hyakunichi seki 百日咳 whooping cough, they will be healed.
Since then people come here with their ill children.

Gabi Greve said...

hyakunichi seki 百日咳 whooping cough - Legends