2/02/2008

Barley, Wheat

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Barley, wheat (mugi)

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: various, see below
***** Category: Plant


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Explanation

There are various words corresponding to MUGI.

wheat, "small mugi" komugi, 小麦
Triticum aestivum

barley, "large mugi", oomugi, 大麦
Hordeum vulgare
..... "naked mugi", hadaka mugi 裸麦 

oats, "crow mugi", karasumugi 烏麦(からすむぎ) 
Avena fatua
..... enbaku  燕麦(えんばく) 

Job's tears; tear grass , "dove mugi", hatomugi
鳩麦(はとむぎ)

Coix lacryma-jobi

for more details see below


CLICK for more MUGI photos

Let us look at some kigo.




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. . . . . SPRING

early spring

treading on barley/wheat fields, mugifumi 麦踏 (むぎふみ)
mugi o fumu 麦を踏む(むぎをふむ)



all spring

green barley/wheat, aomugi 青麦 (あおむぎ)
..... mugi aomu 麦青む(むぎあおむ)


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. . . . . SUMMER


The time when barley/wheat is ripe for the harvest is called "autumn", in reference to the time when rice is ripe for harvest.

early summer

mugi 麦 (むぎ) Mugi
homugi 穂麦(ほむぎ)ears of Mugi
..... mugi no ho 麦の穂(むぎのほ)

karasumugi 烏麦(からすむぎ)oats
..... ootomugi オート麦(おーとむぎ)
..... suzume mugi 雀麦(すずめむぎ)"sparrow oats"
chahikigusa 茶挽草(ちゃひきぐさ)


komugi 小麦(こむぎ)wheat

oomugi 大麦(おおむぎ)barley
..... "naked mugi", hadaka mugi 裸麦 
..... "skin mugi", kawamugi 皮麦(かわむぎ)

raimugi らいむぎ rye, Gerste
..... kuromugi 黒麦(くろむぎ)"black mugi"
Secale cereale

mugibatake 麦畑(むぎばたけ)mugi field
mugi u 麦生(むぎう)planted mugi

mugi no nami 麦の波(むぎのなみ)waves of mugi

yasemugi 痩麦(やせむぎ)thin, weakly mugi

wasemugi, wase mugi 早麦(わせむぎ) early mugi

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mugi no kuroho 麦の黒穂 (むぎのくろほ) black ears of mugi
from illness
..... kuroho 黒穂(くろほ) "black (grain) ears"

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"barley autumn", mugi no aki 麦の秋 (むぎのあき)
mugiaki 麦秋(むぎあき) bakushuu 麦秋(ばくしゅう)


"autumn wind on the barley/wheat fields" , mugi no akikaze
..... 麦の秋風 (むぎのあきかぜ)
storm on the barley/wheat, mugi arashi 麦嵐(むぎあらし)


rice with barley/wheat, mugimeshi 麦飯 (むぎめし)
plain barley/wheat cooked , sumugi すむぎ


harvesting barley/wheat 麦刈 ( むぎかり)
migi karu 麦刈る(むぎかる)
car transporting barley/wheat, mugiguruma 麦車(むぎぐるま)



threashing barley/wheat, mugikoki 麦扱 (むぎこき)
threashing maschine, mugikoki ki 麦扱機(むぎこきき)
CLICK for more photos



threashing barley/wheat, mugi uchi 麦打 (むぎうち)
..... mugi tataki 麦叩(むぎたたき), mugi tsuki 麦つき(むぎつき)
..... mugi kachi 麦搗(むぎかち)

pole for threashing, mugi no karasao
麦の殻竿(むぎのからさお)
dust from threashing, mugi bokori 麦埃(むぎぼこり)
burning barley/wheat, mugiyaki 麦焼き(むぎやき)


barley/wheat straw, mugiwara 麦藁 (むぎわら)
..... mugiwara 麦稈(むぎわら)


new barley/wheat, shinmugi 新麦 (しんむぎ )
barley/wheat of this year, kotoshi mugi 今年麦(ことしむぎ)


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all summer


CLICK for more photos
barley/wheat tea, mugiyu 麦湯 (むぎゆ)
mugicha 麦茶(むぎちゃ), mugicha hiayashi 麦茶冷し(むぎちゃひやし)
..... mugiyu hiyashi 麦湯冷し(むぎゆひやし)


"barley drink", beer, mugishu 麦酒(びーる)


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. . . . . AUTUMN

early autumn

hatomugi 鳩麦 (はとむぎ) Job's tears; tear grass,
..... hatomugi 川殻(はとむぎ)"dove mugi"
..... senkoku せんこく
juzudama 数珠玉 (じゅずだま) "rosary beads"
..... zuzuko ずずこ、toomugi 唐麦(とうむぎ)"Chinese wheat"
(sometimes placed in late autumn)


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. . . . . EARLY WINTER

mugi maki 麦蒔 (むぎまき) sowing wheat


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The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
distinguishes between these groups of MUGI

- - - yonbaku 四麦(よんばく) your types of mugi
komugi コムギ
oomugi オオムギの3変種 with three sub-groups
kawamugi カワムギ 皮麦、
hadaka mugi ハダカムギ
biiru mugi ビールムギ)

- - - sanbaku 三麦 three types of mugi
komugi コムギ
rokujoo oomugi 六条オオムギ
kawamugi カワムギ
hadakamugi ハダカムギ)

© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


The word komugi referes to the older spelling
ko mugi 古麦 "old mugi" or
komugi 粉麦 "mugo flour"

Since the Heian period,
komugi 小麦 was made into flour for noodles and
oomugi 大麦 was used as a grain like rice.

Since the Edo period, the word MUGI is usually used for oomugi 大麦 - barley.

小麦の日本での事情
source : www2.odn.ne.jp/shokuzai


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



the bride tosses
wheat grains over her shoulders –
sparrows flutter


Wheat grains or rice considered a symbol of prosperity and fertility.
The ritual of throwing wheat or rice signifies that the bride is paying back whatever parents have given her. In addition, it is as a gesture of wishing prosperity for the family she leaves behind.
This ritual is common among Hindus as well as Sikhs..

- Shared by Sandip Sital Chauhan -
Joys of Japan, September 2012






Why is rice thrown at weddings?
Since early Roman times some grain - usually wheat - has been associated with the wedding ceremony.
source : trivia/explain


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Hatomugi tea

hatomugi Daruma tea
and dokudami Daruma tea

どくだみ・はとむぎ ダルマ


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HAIKU


甲斐の山中に立ち寄りて
Staying at a lodging in Yamanaka, Kaii province

行く駒の麦に慰む宿り哉
ゆく駒の麥になぐさむやどり哉
yuku koma no mugi ni nagusamu yadori kana
行駒の麦に慰むやどり哉
iku koma no mugi ni nagusamu yadori kana

The horse carrying me
Enjoys eating the ears of
Barley while resting!

Tr. Oseko

This hokku has the cut marker KANA at the end of line 3. Written in 1685.

Kaii was famous for its black horses.
The kigo is "mugi no aki" 麦秋.

my brave horse
solaced with munching barley
from the lodging . . .

Tr. Gabi Greve

It is not too cold and not too warm to travel in the fourth lunar month. The horse is happy and Basho is looking forward to meet old friends soon. For now he is content watching his horse munching the barley and resting for the night somewhere "in the mountains" (yamanaka).

Basho is maybe close to Tsurushi town 都留市.
Or he is somewhere close to Lake Yamanaka 山中湖.

When is home in Edo had burned down in 1682, he had taken refuge for a while with a friend in Kaii and written two hokku about the famous horses.

馬ぼくぼく我を絵に見る夏野哉
馬ぼくぼく我を絵に見る心かな
uma hokuhoku ware o e ni miru natsu-no kana
uma bokuboku ware o e ni miru natsu no kana

I find myself in a picture
The cob ambles slowly
Across the summer moor.

Tr. Joan Giroux,

. WKD : Onomatopoetic words .


At Kaii, during
. Nozarashi Kiko 野ざらし紀行 .


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


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麦秋や本の秋より寒い雨
mugi aki ya hon no aki yori samui ame

autumn of the barley -
the rain is colder than
in real autumn




麦の葉は春のさま也なく千鳥
mugi no ha wa haru no sama nari naku chidori

the leaves of wheat
look just like spring -
plovers singing



Kobayashi Issa
Tr. Gabi Greve



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Related words

***** Paddy, Fields, rice paddies (ta, hatake) Japan


***** Buckwheat (soba)


. PLANTS IN SUMMER - SAIJIKI

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9 comments:

sakuo said...

Mugi aki, barley autumn, I like the season very much.
The season remind me many things including lost love that is romantic with bitter taste.


sakuo.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

田や麦や中にも夏のほととぎす
ta ya mugi ya naka ni mo natsu no hototogisu

rice fields and barley -
and among them also
summer's cockoo

Tr. Barnhill

Written in 1689 on the 7th day of the 4th lunar month.
元禄2年4月7日 Oku no Hosomichi
(雪まるげ)at Shirakawa
.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

一日一日麦あからみて啼く雲雀
hito hi hito hi / mugi akaramite / naku hibari

郭公招くか麦のむら尾花
hototogisu / maneku ka mugi no / mura obana

いざともに穂麦喰はん草枕
iza tomo ni / ho mugi kurawa n / kusa makura

三日月に地は朧なり蕎麦の花
mikazuki ni / chi wa oboro nari / soba no hana

麦生えてよき隠れ家や畑村
mugi haete / yoki kakurega ya / Hatake Mura

麦飯にやつるる恋か猫の妻
mugi meshi ni / yatsururu koi ka / neko no tsuma

麦の穂を力につかむ別れ哉
mugi no ho o / chikara ni tsukamu / wakare kana


行く駒の麦に慰む宿り哉
yuku koma no / mugi ni nagusamu / yadori kana shigure

.

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

麦飯にやつるる恋か猫の妻
mugimeshi ni yatsururu koi ka neko no tsuma

from wheat gruel
and from love it looses weight ?
the cat in love

Matsuo Basho
Tr. Gabi Greve

Discussion and cat hokku:

Gabi Greve - Buson said...

Yosa Buson

辻堂に死せる人あり麦の秋
tsujido oni shiseru hito ari mugi no aki
(1776)

At a wayside shrine
A dead man lies--
Barley harvest time
Tr. Nelson/Saito


at the roadside shrine
there have been people dying ...
autumn of the barley
Tr. ?


MORE
about Buson visiting shrines

Gabi Greve - WKD said...

Murakami Kijoo 村上鬼城 Murakami Kijo

麦飯に 何も申さじ 夏の月
mugimeshi ni nani mo moosaji natsu no tsuki

rice mixed with barley
and I can not even complain -
moon in summer

.
MORE
about Kijo

Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

Matsuo Basho

一日一日麦あからみて啼く雲雀
hito hi hito hi mugi akaramite naku hibari

day by day
the barley reddens toward ripeness:
singing skylark
Tr. Barnhill


麦の穂や泪に染て啼雲雀
mugi no ho ya namida ni somete naku hibari

ears of barley —
tinted in the tears
of crying skylarks
Tr. Barnhill

Both written on the 23rd day of fourth lunar month (now May 20)
Written in 元禄4年 Basho age 48.

.
voice of animals

Gabi Greve - Buson said...

Yosa Buson

舂や穂麦が中の水車
usuzuku ya homugi ga naka no mizuguruma

pounding grains -
in the middle of the barley ears
a waterwheel

MORE
about water wheels

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

一掴み麦を蒔たり堂の隅
hito tsukami mugi wo makitari doo no sumi

sowing a fistful
of wheat...
temple nook

(Tr. David Lanoue)