12/20/2006

Birds of Winter

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THE BIRD SAIJIKI

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Many birds have various kigo during all seasons, according to their breeding or migrating behaviour.


Check about a bird in question through all seasons in the complete SAIJIKI.

The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


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Birds of WINTER

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Winter

..................... others are stated
***** Category: Animal


Birds of the New Year, see below.


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Explanation


winter birds (fuyu no tori 冬の鳥)

flock of birds in the winter sky, kankin 寒禽 かんきん
"birds suffering in the cold", kankudori 寒苦鳥 (かんくどり )


birds in snow, yukidori 雪鳥 (ゆきどり)
late winter
freezing birds, itedori 凍鳥(いてどり)
kajikedori かじけ鳥(かじけどり)


water birds (mizudori 水鳥)
"birds who sleep while floating" ukinedori 浮寝鳥
..... suikin 水禽(すいきん) water birds


Some bird names take compounds

xyz-kan ... in the cold
yuki-xyz ... in the snow
fuyu no xyz ... in winter




Birds as winter kigo,
many have also compound kigo for other seasons.



Ancient Murrelet, "sea sparrow", umisuzume
海雀 うみすずめ

Synthliboramphus antiquus



Crane, cranes, tsuru 鶴
cranes standing in the cold, itezuru 凍鶴
"freezing crane" , tsuru itsu 鶴凍
frost for the cranes, shimo no tsuru 霜の鶴
cranes in a frosty night, shimoyo no tsuru 霜夜の鶴
crane with a read head, tanchoo 丹頂 Grus japonesis
and more kigo




Crow in the cold, midwinter crow (kan garasu, kangarasu  寒烏)
knaa, kan-a 寒鴉(かんあ) "cold raven", "cold crows"


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Duck (kamo 鴨 かも)

aokubi 青頸(あおくび), magamo真鴨(まがも)
small duck, kogamo 小鴨(こがも)

duck in the reeds, yoshigamo 葭鴨(よしがも), ashigamo 葦鴨(あしがも), minogamo 蓑鴨(みのがも), minoyoshi 蓑葭(みのよし)
red duck, hidorigamo緋鳥鴨(ひどりがも)
long dail duck, onagagamo 尾長鴨(おなががも)

hoshibajiro 星羽白(ほしはじろ), kingurobajiro 金黒羽白(きんくろはじろ)

Greater Scaup "lead duck" suzugamo 鈴鴨(すずがも)
Aythya marila

duck with white cheeks, hoojirogamo 頬白鴨(ほおじろがも)
black duck, kurogamo 黒鴨(くろがも)

shinorigamo しのり鴨(しのりがも)

Red-breasted Merganser, umiaisa 海秋沙(うみあいさ)
Mergus serrator

Common Merganser, kawa aisa 河秋沙(かわあいさ)
Mergus merganser

Smew, miko aisa 巫秋沙(みこあいさ)
Mergellus albellus

merganser, aisa あいさ

"stick to hit ducks", kamo uchi 鴨打(かもうち)
boat for hunting ducks, kamo bune 鴨舟(かもぶね)
"duck path", kamomichi 鴨道(かもみち)

DUCK KIGO in all seasons


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Eagle(washi 鷲) big eagle, oowashi 大鷲
dog eagle, inuwashi 犬鷲
white-tailed eagle, oshirowashi 尾白鷲
bald eagle, hagewashi ハゲワシ 禿鷲
wild eagle, arawashi 荒鷲
eagle on the coast, isowashi 磯鷲
and more



Egret in winter, fuyu sagi 冬鷺 (ふゆさぎ) Japan
nokorisagi 残り鷺(のこりさぎ)egret still left




Falcon, peregrine falcon, hayabusa 隼 (はやぶさ)
Falco peregrinus
..... nukumedori 暖鳥 (ぬくめどり)
. Falconry, hunting with falcons and hawks ... KIGO



Flamingo Yemen



Goose, geese in winter (kari, gan) fuyu no kari 冬の雁(ふゆのかり)
geese in the cold, kangan 寒雁
"white goose", hakugan 白雁(はくがん)




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Grebe (kaitsuburi カイツブリ)
Little Grebe, kaitsuburi かいつむり、nio にお、niodoriにおどり
Tachybaptus ruficollis

Red-necked Grebe, akaeri kaitsuburi
赤頸 かいつぶり(あかえりかいつぶり)
Podiceps grisegena

Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), mimi kaitsuburi
耳かいつぶり(みみかいつぶり)
Podiceps auritus

Black-necked Grebe (Eared Grebe), hajiro kaitsuburi
羽白かいつぶり(はじろかいつぶり)

Podiceps nigricollis

muguridori 潜り鳥(むぐりどり)
ichoo muguri 一丁潜り(いちょうむぐり)
hachoo muguri 八丁潜り(はっちょうむぐり)


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Hawk (taka) ... with more related kigo



Heron (aosagi) egret (shirasagi)


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Hooded gull (miyakodori 都鳥 (みやこどり)
..... yurikamome, 百合鴎 ユリカモメ)
Larus ridibundus

Gull in winter, fuyu kamome 冬鴎 (ふゆかもめ)

GULL KIGO in all seasons

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Lapwing, Northern Lapwing tageri 田鳧 (たげり)
Vanellus vanellus
. Lapwing, Peewit in India .


Lark in winter, fuyu hibari 冬雲雀 (ふゆひばり)



Mandarin Ducks (oshidori)
. . . . . Other names (wings implies birds) are :
"thoughtful wings", omoiba 思羽
"gingko tree wings", ichooba 銀杏羽
"sword wings", tsurugiba 剣羽
husband/wife, oshi no tsuma 鴛鴦の妻
feather coat of a mandarin duck
..... 鴛鴦の毛衣 おしのけごろも
mandarin duck sleeping on the water
..... oshi no ukine 鴛鴦の浮寝 おしのうきね
mandarin duck sleeping alone
..... oshi no hitorine 鴛鴦の独寝 おしのひとりね





nightingale in winter, fuyu no uguisu 冬の鶯 (ふゆのうぐいす) Japan
sasanaki 笹鳴 (ささなき)
konaki 小鳴(こなき)
fuyu uguisu 冬鶯(ふゆうぐいす)
nightingale in the cold, kan ou 寒鶯(かんおう)
nightingale in the underbrush, yabu uguisu 藪鶯(やぶうぐいす)





Owl (fukuroo 梟)
snow owl, shirofukuroo, 白梟
horned owls, mimizuku 木菟, ミミズク , zuku 菟
gorosuke 五郎助(ごろすけ)
torafuzuku 虎斑木菟(とらふずく)long-eared owl
komimizuku 小木菟(こみみずく)small owl
washi mimizuku 鷲木菟(わしみみずく) "eagle owl"
collared scops owl、ookonohazuku 大木葉菟 (Otus bakkamoena)
Buddhabird owl, konohazuku
木の葉菟 (コノハズク) Otus scops japonicus
fukuroo naku 梟鳴く(ふくろうなく)owl is howling
and many more



Plover (chidori 千鳥 (ちどり))
tsukiyo chidori 月夜千鳥(つきよちどり)plover on a moonlit night
and many more kigo




Shrike in winter, fuyu no mozu 冬の鵙 (ふゆのもず)
..... fuyumozu 冬鵙(ふゆもず)
shrike in the cold, kan no mozu 寒の鵙(かんのもず)
Shrike kigo of all seasons




Sparrow in the cold, kan suzume 寒雀 (かんすずめ)
kogoesuzume 晩冬 凍雀(こごえすずめ)freezing sparrow
fukurasuzume ふくら雀(ふくらすずめ) "inflated" sparrow,
puffed up the feathers to keep warm




swallow on its way, tooshi tubame 通し燕 (とおしつばめ)
"swallow over winter" ettoo tsubame 越冬燕(えっとうつばめ)
"swallow over the new year" otsunen tsubame
越年燕(おつねんつばめ)
"swallow left behind" nokori tsubame
残り燕(のこりつばめ)





Swan, white swan (hakuchoo 白鳥)
Cygnus cygnus
kohakuchoo (こはくちょう) 小白鳥 Bewick's swan
naki hakuchoo ナキハクチョウ trumpeter swan
"black bird", black swan, koku choo 黒鳥(こくちょう)
kigo for late winter
white swans are coming, hakuchoo kuru. 白鳥来る(はくちょうくる)




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CLICK for more photos
Wren (misosazai, 鷦鷯,ミソサザイ, 三十三才)
Troglodytes troglodytes
In winter he comed down in the valleys, so we can see him more often. In summer he lives in the forests and deep valleys.
(The last spelling should not be read like "33 years" !)
..... takumidori 巧婦鳥(たくみどり)
..... kabutochoo 兜蝶(かぶとちょう)



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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


bright autumn sky -
the shadow of a hawk
on my hands


Gabi Greve, September 2006

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汝等も福を待かよ浮寝鳥
nanjira mo fuku o matsu ka yo ukinedori

are you, too
waiting for good luck?
waterfowl


Issa
Tr. David Lanoue



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Birds of the New Year



First crow, hatsu garasu 初鴉 (はつがらす )

First craw of the cock, hatsu tori 初鶏 (はつとり)

..... "first voice" hatsu koe 初声 (はつこえ )

First dove, hatsu bato 初鳩 (はつばと)

First nightingale, hatsu uguisu 初鶯 (はつうぐいす)

First sparrow, hatsu suzume 初雀 (はつすずめ)



First crane, hatsuzuru 初鶴 (はつづる)
..... hatsutazu 初田鶴(はつたづ)




See each main entry for more details about the birds.

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birds in various seasons


Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
North America


. Mockingbird (bokkingu baado モッキングバード ) .
North America


Weaver birds (Ploceidae family)
Kenya


END of the BIRD SAIJIKI

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THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan


The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


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3 comments:

Anonymous said...

> vultures
by the roadkill
> off to the side
two ravens grooming
>
> Marshall

http://groups.yahoo.com/group/happyhaiku/message/5955

Gabi Greve - facebook said...

泥足で 畔の草踏む 夏の鴨

natsu no kamo

summer teals,
toddle with muddy feet
on the green of the ridge

Naotaka Uematsu, FB

and a bit about karugamo in the fields
.

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa

正月が二つありとや浮寝鳥
shoogatsu ga futatsu ari to ya ukinedori

waterbirds floating,
sleeping, does New Year's
come twice for you?


uninterested
in New Year's Eve --
sleeping waterbirds

oo-misoka tonjaku mo nashi ukine-dori

Read the comments by Chris Drake !