12/22/2006

Birds of Autumn

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Birds of Autumn

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Autumn
.......... note the special mentions

***** Category: Animal


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Explanation


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Brambling bird, atori あとり
late autumn
花鶏(あとり)
Fringilla montifringilla
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Bulbul, hiyodori, hiedori 鵯 (ひよどり, ひえどり)
..... hiyo 鵯(ひよ)
"white head bird", hiyodori 白頭鳥(ひよどり)
late autumn
Pycnonotidae are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds.
Bulbul in Yemen, Kenya and other regions



Bunting, rustic bunting, kashiradaka 頭高 (かしらだか)
kashira かしら
late autumn
Emberiza rustica
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Crane (tsuru) 鶴


Crow, Raven (karasu)


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Duck, ducks (kamo)
also in kigo for winter

First Duck, hatsugamo 初鴨 はつがも
kigo for mid-autumn
migrating ducks, kamo kitaru 鴨来る(かもきたる)
..... kamo wataru 鴨渡る(かもわたる)

"ducks crossing the mountains", ogoshi no kamo
尾越の鴨 おごしのかも
They come over a mountain and sail down to land on a lake in the mountainous area.



Mallards - by Koson (Hoson) Ohara (1877-1945)



Mandarin Ducks - 鴛鴦、(おしどり) oshidori
kigo for winter



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Goose, geese, kari 雁 (かり)



Hawk (taka) 鷹



Ibis, crested ibis (toki)
"Peach Blossom Bird", tookachoo 桃花鳥(とうかちょう)


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Jay, kashidori 懸巣 (かけす)
kashidori 樫鳥(かしどり)、橿鳥(かしどり)
Family Corvidae


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Lark
first lark, hatsu hibari 初雲雀(はつひばり) kigo for spring

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field lark, ta hibari 田雲雀 (たひばり)
late autumn
"dog lark", inu hibari 犬雲雀(いぬひばり)

lark on the field path, aze hibari 畦雲雀(あぜひばり)
lark in the ditch, mizu hibari 溝雲雀(みぞひばり)
river lark, kawa hibari 川雲雀(かわひばり)
earth lark, tsuchi hibari 土雲雀(つちひばり)



Black-crowned Finch Lark breeding Yemen
Eremopterix nigriceps nigriceps
and other larks


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. Magpie, kasasagi 鵲 (かささぎ) .
"Korean crow", koorai garasu 高麗鴉(こうらいがらす)
..... choosen garasu 朝鮮鴉(ちょうせんがらす)
"Chinese crow", too garasu 唐鴉(とうがらす)
Chikugo crow, Chikugo garasu 筑後鴉(ちくごがらす)
"Hizen crow", Hizen garasu 肥前鴉(ひぜんがらす)
Chikugo and Hizen are provinces of Kyushu, Japan.
"winning crow", kachi garasu 勝烏(かちがらす)



Migrating Birds (wataridori) (Japan)

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BUT

kigo for late winter

kasasagi hajimete su kuu 鵲初めて巣くう (かささぎはじめてすくう) magpie making a nest for the first time
..... kasasagi su o kuu 鵲巣をくう(かささぎすをくう)
..... kasasaki su o kuisomuru 鵲巣をくいそむる(かささぎすをくいそむる)


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quail's nest, uzura no su 鶉の巣 (うずらのす)
kigo for summer

Quail, uzura 鶉 (うずら)
..... uzurabu 鶉斑(うずらふ), kata uzura片鶉(かたうずら)
moro uzura 諸鶉(もろうずら)
bed of the quail, uzura no toko 鶉の床(うずらのとこ)
quails running around, kake uzura 駆鶉(かけうずら)
field with quails, uzura no 鶉野(うずらの)

meeting of quails 鶉合せ(うずらあわせ)
they are kept in baskets and their masters meet to hear them sing.
basket for a quail 鶉籠(うずらかご)


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sweet in the form of a quail, uzura mochi 鶉餅


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Black-tailed gull, umineko 海猫
kigo for mid-autumn

literally: cat of the sea, Larus crassirostris

gull going home, gome kaeru 海猫帰る(ごめかえる)
gull staying behind, gome nokoru 海猫残る(ごめのこる)
..... nokoru gome 残る海猫(のこるごめ)


Gull migrating, umineko wataru 海猫渡る
kigo for spring


Hooded gull (miyakodori, yurikamome ユリカモメ)
kigo for winter

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shrike, butcher-bird, mozu
shrike, butcher-bird in spring, haru no mozu

A shrike is a passerine bird of the family Laniidae which is known for its habit of catching insects, small birds or mammals and impaling their bodies on thorns.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

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shrike, butcher-bird, mozu 鵙 (もず)
百舌鳥(もず)、伯労鳥(もず)
high voice of the shrike, moyu no takane
鵙の高音(もずのたかね)
fine day for the shrike, mozu biyori 鵙日和(もずびより)
..... mozu no hare 鵙の晴(もずのはれ)

red shrike, akamozu 赤鵙(あかもず) brown shrike
Lanius cristatus

baby shrike, chigo mozu 児鵙(ちごもず)
"tiger shrike" toramozu 虎鵙(とらもず)
Lanius tigrinus

big shrike, oomozu 大鵙(おおもず)northern [great gray] shrike
Lanius excubitor


sacrifice of the shrike, mozu no nie
鵙の贄 (もずのにえ)

mozu no hayanie, 鵙の早贄(もずのはやにえ)
mozu no niesashi 鵙の贄刺(もずのにえさし)
mozu no haritsuke e 鵙の磔刑餌(もずのはりつけえ)
mozu no kusaguki 鵙の草茎(もずのくさぐき)


. Piping Shrike or Magpie. . Australia

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Siskin, hiwa 鶸 (ひわ)
mahiwa 真鶸(まひわ)
Carduelis spinus
red siskin, beni hiwa 紅鶸(べにひわ)
Family Fringillidae. Zeisig

..... kinshijaku 金翅雀(きんしじゃく)




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Small birds crossing mountains in the morning, sakadori
坂鳥 (さかどり)

They come down from high mountain areas to spend the winter in lower places.

"colorful birds, irodori 色鳥 (いろどり )
Migrating in Autumn

small birds, kotori 小鳥 (ことり)
small birds coming, kotori kuru 小鳥来る(ことりくる)
small birds migrating, kotori wataru 小鳥渡る(ことりわたる)

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Snipe (shigi)

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Sparrows, all kinds of them

sparrows in the harvested rice fields, ina suzume, inasuzume
稲雀 いなすずめ

"rice-field-sparrows"
Sparrow (suzume, Japan)

kind of sparrow, mashiko 猿子鳥 (ましこ)
red mashiko, beni mashiko 紅猿子(べにましこ)Long-tailed Rosefinch . Uragus sibiricus
big mashiko, oo mashiko 大猿子(おおましこ)Pallas's Rosefinch. Carpodacus roseus
bushclover mashiko, hagi mashiko 萩猿子(はぎましこ)Asian Rosy-Finch (Rosy-Finch) . Leucosticte arctoa
mashikodori
Mid-autumn
Sometimes mashiko are translated as xxx-finch.


resemmbling a sparrow, nyuunai suzume 入内雀 (にゅうないすずめ)
of the weaverbird family.
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kind of sparrow, isuka 交喙鳥 (いすか)
isuka 交嘴鳥(いすか), isuka 鶍(いすか)



kind of small bird, shime 鴲 (しめ)
shime 蝋嘴鳥(しめ)
late autumn
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kind of sparrow, hitaki 鶲 (ひたき)
late autumn
joobitaki 尉鶲(じょうびたき)
"bird that makes a fire", hitakidori 火焚鳥(ひたきどり)
monbitaki 紋鶲(もんびたき)
"carrying dumplings", dango shoi 団子背負い(だんごしょい)
bakatcho 馬鹿っちょ(ばかっちょ)
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kind of sparrow, sennyuu 仙入 (せんにゅう)
early autumn
Sennyu of Hokkaido, ezo sennyuu 蝦夷仙入(えぞせんにゅう)
island sennyu, shima sennyuu 島仙入(しませんにゅう)
makino sennyuu 牧野仙入(まきのせんにゅう)
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Starling, gray starling, mukudori 椋鳥 (むくどり)
muku, むく、hakutoo oo 白頭翁(はくとうおう)
black-collared Starling, 黑領椋鳥
small starling, ko mukidori小椋鳥(こむくどり)
Family Sturnidae
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. Kobayashi ISSA and the mukudori of Edo .

. Mukudori in Edo - senryu poems .



Swallows going back to the south, tsubame kaeru



Thrush, tsugumi 鶫 (つぐみ)
..... chooma 鳥馬(ちょうま)
"white stomach", shirohara 白腹(しろはら)
Hachijoo Tsugumi 八丈鶫(はちじょうつぐみ)
Late autumn
Turdus naumanni
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CLICK for more photos !CLICK for more English information



Wagtail, sekirei 鶺鴒 (せきれい)
wagtail with black back, seguro sekirei
背黒鶺鴒(せぐろせきれい)
yellow wagtail, ki sekirei 黄鶺鴒(きせきれい)
white wagtail, haku sekirei 白鶺鴒(はくせきれい)
"hitting stones" ishi tataki石たたき(いしたたき)
"tapping in the garden" niwa tataki庭たたき(にわたたき)

..... inaoosedori 稲負鳥(いなおおせどり)
..... semose dori 妹背鳥(いもせどり)

totsugidori 嫁鳥(とつぎどり)
lit. "married to the husband's family"
totsugi oshiedori 嫁教鳥(とつぎおしえどり)

Family Motacilla

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Waxwing, Japanese waxwing, renjaku
連雀 (れんじゃく)

Bombycilla japonica
red waxwing, hirenjaku 緋連雀(ひれんじゃく)
yellow waxwing, kikenjaku 黄連雀(きれんじゃく)
... hoyadori ほや鳥(ほやどり)
Late autumn
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Woodpecker (kistutsuki, kera, kitataki )


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


坂鳥の胸をうたるる笞(しもと)かな
sakadori no mune o utaruru shimoto kana

hitting the breasts
of the small birds -
this whip

Kato Kyotai Katoo Kyootai 加藤暁台(かとうきょうたい)
Tr. Gabi Greve


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色鳥はわが読む本にひるがへり
irodori wa waga yomu hon ni hirugaeri

Yamaguchi Seison 山口青邨

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sparrows in the rice paddies





稲雀茶の木畠や逃げ処
inasuzume cha no kibatake ya nigedokoro

sparrows in the rice paddies
the field of tea plants
is your place to flee

Tr. Gabi Greve

Written in the autumn of 1691 元禄4年秋
at 義仲寺 temple Gichu-Ji

This hokku has the cut marker YA at the end of line 2,
but in fact line 1 is separate and lines 2 and 3 belong together.

sparrows in the rice paddies
this field of tea plants -
yes, your place to flee

Tr. Gabi Greve



Rice-field sparrows
find the tea plantation
is their place of refuge.

Tr. Aitken


Rice-field sparrows
can escape from hunters
in the groves of tea

Tr. Addiss


rice-field sparrows
in the tea fields —
their refuge

Tr. Barnhill


Sparrows in the rice paddy
consider the tea bushes
their hideout

Tr. Dalby


MORE - hokku about drinking tea with
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .




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THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan

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3 comments:

Gabi Greve said...

.
dandelions...
a starling's
yellow bill

"dandelions," is a Spring kigo.
The European "starling," probably is the most, or atleast one of the most successful genus of bird; worldwide.

Autumn through Winter, a starling's bill is black, and it's a good indication that it is spring and/or matting season when
a male starling's bill turns a yellowish-orange to a deep yellow color, or shade of color.

H. Gene Murtha

Abigail Parker said...

Autumn color lingers
The orange-crowned warbler
On a bare branch.

(The orange-crowned warbler, Vermivora celata, is the latest-migrating fall warbler in eastern North America.)

Abigail Parker said...

Regarding starling bills: Both males and females have yellow bills in breeding season. The cere, the soft area at the base of the bill, turns blue in males and pink in females.