12/25/2006

Birds of Spring and START SAIJIKI

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

THE BIRD SAIJIKI

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Many birds have various kigo during all seasons, according to their mating, breeding or migrating behaviour.


Check about a bird in question through all seasons
by using your own browser.


Some common bird names, like FINCH, come in many families and sub-species during various seasons.
So FINCH like this is used as a topic, whereas the specific name, like BULLFINCH, is listed in its season as a kigo.


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


autumn memories -
the sound of birds
long extinct


Gabi Greve, 2010

Some are extinct due to natural events,
some got extinct recently due to the acitvities of human beings . . .


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


BIRDS of BHUTAN - SAIJIKI  


BIRDS of the PHILIPPINES - SAIJIKI  


BIRDS of YEMEN - SAIJIKI


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Birds during all seasons

. Mynah bird, myna (Fam. Sturnidae) . India

. Penguin in Antarctica .

. Sunbird, sunbirds . India



The complete BIRD SAIJIKI

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Birds of SPRING

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Spring

..................... others are stated
***** Category: Animal


*****************************
Explanation

We have some nice kigo about these early birds of spring, twittering happily in the bamboo groves and rushes. It could be any kinds of birds, including turtledove and cuckoo.


a thousand little birds, momochidori
百千鳥 (ももちどり)

momochi 百千, means "one hundred and one thousand, a lot!
"ten myriad birds" , "many baby birds",
"all sorts of birds, hundreds (and thousands) of birds"


birds calling in springtime, yobukodori
呼子鳥 (よぶこどり)

Yobukodori was the name of a famous Geisha around 1777.


These words have already been used in the poetry collection Manyo-Shu.
They do not define a certain kind of bird, but different kinds of small birds, twittering happily in springtime.


birds of spring, haru no tori 春の鳥 (はるのとり)
..... shunkin 春禽(しゅんきん)


"blossoms and birds", hanadori 花鳥 (はなどり )
..... hana ni tori 花に鳥


spring birds, beautiful birds, kaodori 貌鳥、顔鳥 ( かおどり)
..... kaoyodori 貌よ鳥(かおよどり), kaodori 容鳥(かおどり), hakodori 杲鳥 、箱鳥(はこどり)
Already mentioned in the old poetry almanachs of the Heian period, but their true identity is not clear. Maybe a form of cuckoo.


CLICK for original page with more poems


twittering of birds, chirping, warbling,
saezuri 囀 (さえずり)
birdsong
... saezuru 囀る(さえずる)birds singing, chirping etc.



morning meditation -
his gentle snore
and birdsong


Gabi Greve, April 2009


early morning -
the healing power
of birdsong


Gabi Greve, July 2007

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

birds coupling, tori sakaru 鳥交る (とりさか)
kigo for late spring
..... tori tsurumu 鳥つるむ(とりつるむ),
tori, tsugau 鳥つがう(とりつがう)

"bird loving his wife", tori no tsumagoi
鳥の妻恋(とりのつまごい)

sparrow coupling, suzume sakaru
雀交る(すずめさかる)


dance of the cranes, tsuru no mai 鶴の舞(つるのまい)
CLICK for more photos



Bird's Nest (tori no su 鳥の巣) many types


birds leaving the nest, sudachidori
巣立ち鳥 (すだちどり)
kigo for late spring
..... sudachi 巣立(すだち)
parent bird, oyadori 親鳥(おやどり)
child bird, kodori 子鳥(こどり)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Birds of Spring as KIGO



black neck cranes Bhutan


Bullfinch, uso 鷽 (うそ)
Usokae うそ替え / 鷽替え exchanging carved bullfinches


Bunting, Japanese bunting, hoojiro 頬白 (ほおじろ)



crane leaving, hiki zuru 引鶴 (ひきづる)
see: Crane, Grus japonensis (tsuru) Japan
and other migrating birds leaving

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Duck migrating, hikigamo 引鴨 (ひきがも)
kigo for mid-spring
Duck going back home, kamo kaeru 鴨帰る(かもかえる)
..... yuku kamo 行く鴨(ゆくかも)

duck staying back 残る鴨 (のこるかも)
kigo for late spring
duck in spring, haru no kamo 春の鴨(はるのかも)

Ducks in Autumn

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Goose, geese (kari, gan) in various kigo


Goldcrest, kikuitataki 菊戴 (きくいただき)
... matsumushiri 松毟鳥(まつむしり)


Greenfinch, oriental Greenfinch, kawarahiwa
河原鶸 (かわらひわ)



Gull, Black-tailed gull, umineko
gull migrating, umineko wataru 海猫渡る (うみねこわたる)
kigo for mid-spring
gome wataru ごめ渡る(ごめわたる)
Black-tailed gull in autumn kigo



Himalayan Bearded Vulture chicks India
Gypaetus barbatus aureus



Lark (hibari)


Nightingale, bush warbler (uguisu)


Pheasant (kiji)
"mountain bird" , yamadori 山鳥 (やまどり)



Quail, "barley quail", mugi uzura 麦鶉 (むぎうずら)
late spring
"calling each other", aiu 合生(あいう)
"calling HIHI", hihi naki ひひ鳴き(ひひなき)
The mail calls: guaa gururu, then the female calls: hihi and the male answers: hihi .
Quail (uzura) and related kigoJapan



Redwings mating North America
Redwing (Turdus iliacus)



sparrow babies, suzume no ko 雀の子 (すずめのこ)
see Sparrow (suzume, Japan)



Shrike, butcher-bird in spring, haru no mozu
春の鵙 (はるのもず)
Shrike in autumn


Swallow (tsubame, Japan)



*****************************
Worldwide use

Yemen

Birds of Spring in Yemen


*****************************
Things found on the way



Momochidori - Myriades d'oiseaux
Illustrations by Utamaro 喜多川 歌麿

source : Momo chidori kyōka awase - 1791 or 1792 ( 1 )

source : Momo chidori kyōka awase - 1791 or 1792 ( 2)


*****************************
HAIKU


蠕蝠も出ようき世花に鳥
koomori mo ideyo ukiyo no hana ni tori

even bats
come out to this floating world
of blossoms and birds


Matsuo Basho 蝙蝠
Tr. Gabi Greve

. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


waga kokoro takayuku toki ya momochidori

as my heart
goes soaring off -
ten myriad birds


Ogawa Yoshino


momochidori ... hearing something that sounds as though a hundred thousand small birds had swarmed together to make a concert.

Tr. William J. Higginson

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


百千鳥 餌はあげずも 元気良し
momochidori esa wa agezu mo genki yoshi

a myriad spring birds -
even if I do not feed them
they are so happy


 © ichiraku いちらく
Tr. Gabi Greve






ABC Checklist of the Birds of Japan / External Reference


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



Mongolia

- Shared by Zaya Nergui -
Joys of Japan, 2012




THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan

The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


BIRDS of BHUTAN - SAIJIKI  


BIRDS of the PHILIPPINES - SAIJIKI  


BIRDS of YEMEN - SAIJIKI

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

12/24/2006

Birds of Summer

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Birds of Summer

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Summer

......... others are stated
***** Category: Animal

*******************************************


kigo for early summer

CLICK for more photos aichoo shuukan 愛鳥週間 (あいちょうしゅうかん)
baado uiiku バードウィーク bird week
baado dii バードデーbird day
..... aichoobi 愛鳥日(あいちょうび)
tori no hi 鳥の日(とりのひ) day of the birds


From May 10 to May 16
Vogelwoche


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Buddhabird (buppoosoo) Dollarbird and Eurasian Scops-Owl

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Bunting

Black-faced bunting, aoji 蒿雀 (あおじ)
..... aoshotodo 青鵐(あおしとど)
Emberiza spodocephala

Grey-headed bunting, "red cheeks" hooaka 頬赤 (ほおあか)
.....hoaka ほあか

Yellow bunting, nojiko 野鵐 のじこ
..... nojiko 野路子(のじこ)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Cormorant fishing (ukai) Japan



crow babies, karasu no ko 鴉の子 (からすのこ)
baby crows, ko garasu 子鴉(こがらす)
parent crows, oya garasu親鴉(おやがらす)
see Crow, Raven karasu



Cuckoo (kankodori), little cuckoo (hototogisu) Japan
Himalayan Cuckoo, tsutsudori 筒鳥
Horsfield's hawk-cuckoo, juuichi 十一 (じゅういち)
..... jihishinchoo 慈悲心鳥(じひしんちょう)


crow variey
"star crow" hoshi garasu 星鴉 (ほしがらす)
"mountain peak crow", take garasu 岳鴉(たけがらす)
CLICK for photos !
Eurasian Nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatactes)



dove, blue dove, aobato 青鳩 (あおばと)



duck (kamo) see below: mandarin ducks


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

FLYCATCHERS
flycatcher, blue-and-white flycatcher, ooruri おおるり
ruri 瑠璃(るり), rurichoo 瑠璃鳥(るりちょう)
small flycatcher, koriri 小瑠璃 (こるり)
RURI means lapis lazuli
Formosan Whistling-Thrush
CLICK for photos !

Field flycatcher, nobitaki 野鶲 (のびたき)

Japanese Paradise Flycatcher, sankoochoo 三光鳥 (さんこうちょう)
lit. three times sparkling bird
Terpsiphone atrocaudata
CLICK for photos !

"Lapislazuli flycatcher", ruri bitaki 瑠璃鶲 (るりびたき)

Narcissus flycatcher, kibitaki 黄鶲 (きびたき)
Ficedula narcissina

"shark flycatcher", same bitaki 鮫鶲 (さめびたき)
kosame bitaki 小鮫鶲(こさめびたき)
External LINK : Flycatchers

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Grosbeak, ikaru 鵤(いかる)
..... ikaruga いかるが
"thwrowing beans around", mame mawashi 豆回し(まめまわし)
Eophona personata
sometimes this kanji is read as KAMO.





Grouse, snow grouse, "Thunderbird",
raichoo 雷鳥 (らいちょう)

..... raikei 雷鶏(らいけい)
Rock Ptarmigan, Lagopus mutus
CLICK for photos !

grouse mating
kigo for spring


logging road
a grouse cock struts for
a shy hen


© bob
Happy Haiku Forum, 2008



In Europa we have

Wood Cock or the Capercaillie
(Tetrao urogallus)
kiba shioo raichoo キバシオオライチョウ





source : www.allaboutbirds.org
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Heron (aosagi)
blue heron, white heron
night heron, yoshi goi 葭五位 (よしごい)
ashi goi 葦五位(あしごい)
big night heron, oo yoshi goi 大葭五位(おおよしごい)



Jungle Nightjar, yotaka
夜鷹 (よたか)

Caprimulgus indicus
..... kasuidori 蚊吸鳥(かすいどり)
..... yotaka 怪鴟(よたか)
yotaka is also a description for a cheap prostitute in Edo


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Kingfisher

CLICK for more photos

. kingfisher, river kingfisher, kawasemi 翡翠 (かわせみ) .
mountain kingfisher, yamasemi 山翡翠 (やませみ)
red kingfisher, aka shoobin 赤翡翠 (あかしょうびん)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Lapwing, keri 鳧 (けり)
keri 計里(けり)、keri 水札(けり)
lapwing babies, keri no ko 鳧の子(けりのこ)
subfamily Vanellinae of the family Charadriidae


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Larks

Lark in summer, natsu hibari 夏雲雀(なつひばり)
..... neri hibari 練雲雀 (ねりひばり)
see Lark (hibari) Japan


Alpine Accentor, iwa hibari 岩鷚 (いわひばり)
..... "rock sparrow", take suzume 岳雀(たけすずめ)
Prunella collaris


Japanese Accentor, kayakuguri 茅潜 (かやくぐり)
..... kayakuki かやくき
Prunella rubida

"Tree lark", ki hibari 木雲雀(きひばり)
..... benzui 便追 (べんずい)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Mandarin duck in summer , natsu no oshi
夏の鴛鴦 (なつのおし)

cool mandarin ducks , oshi suzushi 鴛鴦涼し(おしすずし)
..... duck in summer, natsu no kamo 夏の鴨 (なつのかも)
..... ducks passing by, tooshi gamo 通し鴨 (とおしがも )
..... baby ducks, kamo no ko 鴨の子 (かものこ)
kogamo 子鴨(こがも), kamo no hina 鴨の雛(かものひな)
..... spot-billed duck babies, karugamo no ko 軽鳧の子 (かるのこ)
軽鴨の子(かるがものこ)
see Mandarin Ducks (oshidori) Japan. Duck (kamo)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Moorhen, ban 鷭 (ばん)
..... laugh of the moorhen, ban no warai
鷭の笑い(ばんのわらい)
"river crow", kawa garasu 川烏(かわがらす)
big moorhen, ooban 大鷭(おおばん)



nest of waterbirds, mizudori no su
水鳥の巣 (みずどりのす)
..... Grebe Bird (Alaska) kaitsuburi, nio (Japan)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Nightingale
"Old Nightingale ", oi uguisu 老鶯 (おいうぐいす)
Nightingale, bush warbler (uguisu) Japan


Arctic warbler, meboso 眼細 (めぼそ)
..... meboso mushikui 眼細虫喰(めぼそむしくい)
メボソムシクイ, Phylloscopus borealis
CLICK for photos !


Eastern Crowned-Warbler, Sendai Mushikui
仙台虫喰 (せんだいむしくい)

Phylloscopus coronatus

Fan -tailed warbler, sekka 雪加 (せっか)
Cisticola juncidis Zitting Cisticola

'variable warbler' kawari uguisu 変り鶯(かわりうぐいす)
'bamboo-grove rain' yabusame 藪雨 (やぶさめ)
"salt wren", 塩鷦鷯 (しおさざい )
Cettia squameiceps


Warblers, Externel Reference

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Quail's nest, uzura no su 鶉の巣 (うずらのす)

Reed warbler (yoshikiri, gyoogyooshi)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Robin, red breast, komadori 駒鳥 (こまどり)
..... koma こま

Robin, worldwide kigo


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

sea gulls and water bird varieties

Gull, black-tailed gull, "sea cat", umineko 海猫 (うみねこ)
..... gome ごめ, nekodori ねこどり
Larus crassirostris


"sticking of fish", ajisashi 鯵刺 (あじさし)
"sticking on sweetfish", ayusashi 三夏 鮎刺(あゆさし)
ayu taka 鮎鷹(あゆたか)
CLICK for photos !



albatross, mizunagidori 水薙鳥 (みずなぎどり)
mizunagidori 水凪鳥(みずなぎどり)
big albatross, oomizunagidori大水凪鳥(おおみずなぎどり)
CLICK for photos !


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Scissor-tailed flycatcher North America.
State bird of Oklahoma

Fantail Flycatcher, India
fam. Rhipiduridae


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Snipe family

"Thuner snipe", kaminari shigi 雷鴫 (かみなりしぎ)
..... ooji shigi 大地鴫 (おおじしぎ)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Swallow (tsubame)



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

. The Tit Family - Chickadee - Meise .


Japanese great tit, shijuukara 四十雀 (しじゅうから)
Parus major

Mountain tit, yamagara 山雀 (やまがら)
..... yamagara me やまがらめ
Parus varius

Coal tit, higara (hi-gara) 日雀 (ひがら)
Parus ater

Willow tit, kogara 小雀 (こがら)
..... kogarame こがらめ


Long-tailed tit, enaga 柄長 (えなが)

Vinous-throated Parrotbill (Webb's Parrotbill)
Paradoxornis webbianus
Daruma Enaga Bird ダルマエナガ
CLICK for more photos

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Thrush family

Thrush, White's Thrush, toratsugumi 虎鶫 (とらつぐみ)
..... nuetsugumi ぬえつぐみ, nue 鵺(ぬえ)
Zoothera dauma

Black thrush, kurotsugumi 黒鶫 (くろつぐみ)
Turdus cardis

Brown-headed Thrush (Brown Thrush), akahara
赤腹 (あかはら)
Turdus chrysolaus

Rock thrush, blue rock thrush, iso hiyodori
磯鵯 (いそひよどり)

Monticola solitarius

"white eyebrows", mayujiro まゆじろ
..... mamijiro tsugumi まみじろつぐみ


NUE 鵺 a mythological beast


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Water rail, kuina 水鶏 (くいな)
kuina tataku 水鶏たたく(くいなたたく)
hi kuina 緋水鶏(ひくいな), hime kuina 姫水鶏(ひめくいな)
"flute of the water rail", kuina bue 水鶏笛(くいなぶえ)
Rallus aquaticus, クイナ
CLICK for more photos


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

White-eye, mejiro 眼白 (めじろ)
shuuganji 繍眼児(しゅうがんじ)
Zosterops japonicus
crowd of white-eyes, mejiro oshi
眼白押し(めじろおし)目白押し
basket for a white-eye, mejiro kago 眼白籠(めじろかご)
catching white-eyes, mejiro tori 眼白捕り(めじろとり)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Wood Nuthatch, Eurasian nuthatch, gojuu kara
五十雀 (ごじゅうから)

..... "running around a tree", kimawari 木回り(きまわり)
Sitta europaea


*****************************
Worldwide use


*****************************
Things found on the way



*****************************
HAIKU


. WKD : Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 .

大雨や四五丁北の鳴水鶏
oo-ame ya shi-go choo kita no naki-kuina

hard rain --
four, five hundred yards north
cries of ruddy crakes

Tr. Chris Drake

This hokku was written in the 6th month (July) in 1816, when Issa was back in his hometown. Several species of water rails live part of the year in Japan, but according to the large Kadokawa saijiki the ones that spend the summer there and give off the most piercing cries are the ruddy crakes, and they are the classical summer kuina mentioned in waka and haikai. They have reddish brown breasts and heads and are known in modern Japanese as hi-kuina, or red kuina. A chou was 109m / 119 yards. Issa is deliberately vague about the distance. 

In a downpour some ruddy crakes by a stream or marsh Issa knows seem to be getting excited, and even through the roar of the rain Issa can hear them crying their eerie cries in the distance. Perhaps their cries sound even more eerie than usual, since they are now utterly in their own element.

Chris Drake


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
bis 73

12/22/2006

Birds of Autumn

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Birds of Autumn

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Autumn
.......... note the special mentions

***** Category: Animal


*****************************
Explanation


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Brambling bird, atori あとり
late autumn
花鶏(あとり)
Fringilla montifringilla
CLICK for photos !




Bulbul, hiyodori, hiedori 鵯 (ひよどり, ひえどり)
..... hiyo 鵯(ひよ)
"white head bird", hiyodori 白頭鳥(ひよどり)
late autumn
Pycnonotidae are a family of medium-sized passerine songbirds.
Bulbul in Yemen, Kenya and other regions



Bunting, rustic bunting, kashiradaka 頭高 (かしらだか)
kashira かしら
late autumn
Emberiza rustica
CLICK for photos !



Crane (tsuru) 鶴


Crow, Raven (karasu)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Duck, ducks (kamo)
also in kigo for winter

First Duck, hatsugamo 初鴨 はつがも
kigo for mid-autumn
migrating ducks, kamo kitaru 鴨来る(かもきたる)
..... kamo wataru 鴨渡る(かもわたる)

"ducks crossing the mountains", ogoshi no kamo
尾越の鴨 おごしのかも
They come over a mountain and sail down to land on a lake in the mountainous area.



Mallards - by Koson (Hoson) Ohara (1877-1945)



Mandarin Ducks - 鴛鴦、(おしどり) oshidori
kigo for winter



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Goose, geese, kari 雁 (かり)



Hawk (taka) 鷹



Ibis, crested ibis (toki)
"Peach Blossom Bird", tookachoo 桃花鳥(とうかちょう)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Jay, kashidori 懸巣 (かけす)
kashidori 樫鳥(かしどり)、橿鳥(かしどり)
Family Corvidae


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Lark
first lark, hatsu hibari 初雲雀(はつひばり) kigo for spring

CLICK for more photos
field lark, ta hibari 田雲雀 (たひばり)
late autumn
"dog lark", inu hibari 犬雲雀(いぬひばり)

lark on the field path, aze hibari 畦雲雀(あぜひばり)
lark in the ditch, mizu hibari 溝雲雀(みぞひばり)
river lark, kawa hibari 川雲雀(かわひばり)
earth lark, tsuchi hibari 土雲雀(つちひばり)



Black-crowned Finch Lark breeding Yemen
Eremopterix nigriceps nigriceps
and other larks


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


CLICK for more photos !

. Magpie, kasasagi 鵲 (かささぎ) .
"Korean crow", koorai garasu 高麗鴉(こうらいがらす)
..... choosen garasu 朝鮮鴉(ちょうせんがらす)
"Chinese crow", too garasu 唐鴉(とうがらす)
Chikugo crow, Chikugo garasu 筑後鴉(ちくごがらす)
"Hizen crow", Hizen garasu 肥前鴉(ひぜんがらす)
Chikugo and Hizen are provinces of Kyushu, Japan.
"winning crow", kachi garasu 勝烏(かちがらす)



Migrating Birds (wataridori) (Japan)

.................................................................................

BUT

kigo for late winter

kasasagi hajimete su kuu 鵲初めて巣くう (かささぎはじめてすくう) magpie making a nest for the first time
..... kasasagi su o kuu 鵲巣をくう(かささぎすをくう)
..... kasasaki su o kuisomuru 鵲巣をくいそむる(かささぎすをくいそむる)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


quail's nest, uzura no su 鶉の巣 (うずらのす)
kigo for summer

Quail, uzura 鶉 (うずら)
..... uzurabu 鶉斑(うずらふ), kata uzura片鶉(かたうずら)
moro uzura 諸鶉(もろうずら)
bed of the quail, uzura no toko 鶉の床(うずらのとこ)
quails running around, kake uzura 駆鶉(かけうずら)
field with quails, uzura no 鶉野(うずらの)

meeting of quails 鶉合せ(うずらあわせ)
they are kept in baskets and their masters meet to hear them sing.
basket for a quail 鶉籠(うずらかご)


CLICK for more quail photos
sweet in the form of a quail, uzura mochi 鶉餅


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

CLICK for more photos !

Black-tailed gull, umineko 海猫
kigo for mid-autumn

literally: cat of the sea, Larus crassirostris

gull going home, gome kaeru 海猫帰る(ごめかえる)
gull staying behind, gome nokoru 海猫残る(ごめのこる)
..... nokoru gome 残る海猫(のこるごめ)


Gull migrating, umineko wataru 海猫渡る
kigo for spring


Hooded gull (miyakodori, yurikamome ユリカモメ)
kigo for winter

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


shrike, butcher-bird, mozu
shrike, butcher-bird in spring, haru no mozu

A shrike is a passerine bird of the family Laniidae which is known for its habit of catching insects, small birds or mammals and impaling their bodies on thorns.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

CLICK for more photos

shrike, butcher-bird, mozu 鵙 (もず)
百舌鳥(もず)、伯労鳥(もず)
high voice of the shrike, moyu no takane
鵙の高音(もずのたかね)
fine day for the shrike, mozu biyori 鵙日和(もずびより)
..... mozu no hare 鵙の晴(もずのはれ)

red shrike, akamozu 赤鵙(あかもず) brown shrike
Lanius cristatus

baby shrike, chigo mozu 児鵙(ちごもず)
"tiger shrike" toramozu 虎鵙(とらもず)
Lanius tigrinus

big shrike, oomozu 大鵙(おおもず)northern [great gray] shrike
Lanius excubitor


sacrifice of the shrike, mozu no nie
鵙の贄 (もずのにえ)

mozu no hayanie, 鵙の早贄(もずのはやにえ)
mozu no niesashi 鵙の贄刺(もずのにえさし)
mozu no haritsuke e 鵙の磔刑餌(もずのはりつけえ)
mozu no kusaguki 鵙の草茎(もずのくさぐき)


. Piping Shrike or Magpie. . Australia

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Siskin, hiwa 鶸 (ひわ)
mahiwa 真鶸(まひわ)
Carduelis spinus
red siskin, beni hiwa 紅鶸(べにひわ)
Family Fringillidae. Zeisig

..... kinshijaku 金翅雀(きんしじゃく)




:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Small birds crossing mountains in the morning, sakadori
坂鳥 (さかどり)

They come down from high mountain areas to spend the winter in lower places.

"colorful birds, irodori 色鳥 (いろどり )
Migrating in Autumn

small birds, kotori 小鳥 (ことり)
small birds coming, kotori kuru 小鳥来る(ことりくる)
small birds migrating, kotori wataru 小鳥渡る(ことりわたる)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Snipe (shigi)

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Sparrows, all kinds of them

sparrows in the harvested rice fields, ina suzume, inasuzume
稲雀 いなすずめ

"rice-field-sparrows"
Sparrow (suzume, Japan)

kind of sparrow, mashiko 猿子鳥 (ましこ)
red mashiko, beni mashiko 紅猿子(べにましこ)Long-tailed Rosefinch . Uragus sibiricus
big mashiko, oo mashiko 大猿子(おおましこ)Pallas's Rosefinch. Carpodacus roseus
bushclover mashiko, hagi mashiko 萩猿子(はぎましこ)Asian Rosy-Finch (Rosy-Finch) . Leucosticte arctoa
mashikodori
Mid-autumn
Sometimes mashiko are translated as xxx-finch.


resemmbling a sparrow, nyuunai suzume 入内雀 (にゅうないすずめ)
of the weaverbird family.
CLICK for photos !


kind of sparrow, isuka 交喙鳥 (いすか)
isuka 交嘴鳥(いすか), isuka 鶍(いすか)



kind of small bird, shime 鴲 (しめ)
shime 蝋嘴鳥(しめ)
late autumn
CLICK for Photos !


kind of sparrow, hitaki 鶲 (ひたき)
late autumn
joobitaki 尉鶲(じょうびたき)
"bird that makes a fire", hitakidori 火焚鳥(ひたきどり)
monbitaki 紋鶲(もんびたき)
"carrying dumplings", dango shoi 団子背負い(だんごしょい)
bakatcho 馬鹿っちょ(ばかっちょ)
CLICK for Photos !


kind of sparrow, sennyuu 仙入 (せんにゅう)
early autumn
Sennyu of Hokkaido, ezo sennyuu 蝦夷仙入(えぞせんにゅう)
island sennyu, shima sennyuu 島仙入(しませんにゅう)
makino sennyuu 牧野仙入(まきのせんにゅう)
CLICK for photos !


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Starling, gray starling, mukudori 椋鳥 (むくどり)
muku, むく、hakutoo oo 白頭翁(はくとうおう)
black-collared Starling, 黑領椋鳥
small starling, ko mukidori小椋鳥(こむくどり)
Family Sturnidae
CLICK for more photos !

. Kobayashi ISSA and the mukudori of Edo .

. Mukudori in Edo - senryu poems .



Swallows going back to the south, tsubame kaeru



Thrush, tsugumi 鶫 (つぐみ)
..... chooma 鳥馬(ちょうま)
"white stomach", shirohara 白腹(しろはら)
Hachijoo Tsugumi 八丈鶫(はちじょうつぐみ)
Late autumn
Turdus naumanni
CLICK for Photos !


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


CLICK for more photos !CLICK for more English information



Wagtail, sekirei 鶺鴒 (せきれい)
wagtail with black back, seguro sekirei
背黒鶺鴒(せぐろせきれい)
yellow wagtail, ki sekirei 黄鶺鴒(きせきれい)
white wagtail, haku sekirei 白鶺鴒(はくせきれい)
"hitting stones" ishi tataki石たたき(いしたたき)
"tapping in the garden" niwa tataki庭たたき(にわたたき)

..... inaoosedori 稲負鳥(いなおおせどり)
..... semose dori 妹背鳥(いもせどり)

totsugidori 嫁鳥(とつぎどり)
lit. "married to the husband's family"
totsugi oshiedori 嫁教鳥(とつぎおしえどり)

Family Motacilla

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Waxwing, Japanese waxwing, renjaku
連雀 (れんじゃく)

Bombycilla japonica
red waxwing, hirenjaku 緋連雀(ひれんじゃく)
yellow waxwing, kikenjaku 黄連雀(きれんじゃく)
... hoyadori ほや鳥(ほやどり)
Late autumn
CLICK for Photos !

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Woodpecker (kistutsuki, kera, kitataki )


*****************************
Worldwide use


*****************************
Things found on the way



*****************************
HAIKU


坂鳥の胸をうたるる笞(しもと)かな
sakadori no mune o utaruru shimoto kana

hitting the breasts
of the small birds -
this whip

Kato Kyotai Katoo Kyootai 加藤暁台(かとうきょうたい)
Tr. Gabi Greve


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


色鳥はわが読む本にひるがへり
irodori wa waga yomu hon ni hirugaeri

Yamaguchi Seison 山口青邨

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


sparrows in the rice paddies





稲雀茶の木畠や逃げ処
inasuzume cha no kibatake ya nigedokoro

sparrows in the rice paddies
the field of tea plants
is your place to flee

Tr. Gabi Greve

Written in the autumn of 1691 元禄4年秋
at 義仲寺 temple Gichu-Ji

This hokku has the cut marker YA at the end of line 2,
but in fact line 1 is separate and lines 2 and 3 belong together.

sparrows in the rice paddies
this field of tea plants -
yes, your place to flee

Tr. Gabi Greve



Rice-field sparrows
find the tea plantation
is their place of refuge.

Tr. Aitken


Rice-field sparrows
can escape from hunters
in the groves of tea

Tr. Addiss


rice-field sparrows
in the tea fields —
their refuge

Tr. Barnhill


Sparrows in the rice paddy
consider the tea bushes
their hideout

Tr. Dalby


MORE - hokku about drinking tea with
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .




:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

12/20/2006

Birds of Winter

[ . BACK to WORLDKIGO TOP . ]
::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

THE BIRD SAIJIKI

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Many birds have various kigo during all seasons, according to their breeding or migrating behaviour.


Check about a bird in question through all seasons in the complete SAIJIKI.

The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Birds of WINTER

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: All Winter

..................... others are stated
***** Category: Animal


Birds of the New Year, see below.


*****************************
Explanation


winter birds (fuyu no tori 冬の鳥)

flock of birds in the winter sky, kankin 寒禽 かんきん
"birds suffering in the cold", kankudori 寒苦鳥 (かんくどり )


birds in snow, yukidori 雪鳥 (ゆきどり)
late winter
freezing birds, itedori 凍鳥(いてどり)
kajikedori かじけ鳥(かじけどり)


water birds (mizudori 水鳥)
"birds who sleep while floating" ukinedori 浮寝鳥
..... suikin 水禽(すいきん) water birds


Some bird names take compounds

xyz-kan ... in the cold
yuki-xyz ... in the snow
fuyu no xyz ... in winter




Birds as winter kigo,
many have also compound kigo for other seasons.



Ancient Murrelet, "sea sparrow", umisuzume
海雀 うみすずめ

Synthliboramphus antiquus



Crane, cranes, tsuru 鶴
cranes standing in the cold, itezuru 凍鶴
"freezing crane" , tsuru itsu 鶴凍
frost for the cranes, shimo no tsuru 霜の鶴
cranes in a frosty night, shimoyo no tsuru 霜夜の鶴
crane with a read head, tanchoo 丹頂 Grus japonesis
and more kigo




Crow in the cold, midwinter crow (kan garasu, kangarasu  寒烏)
knaa, kan-a 寒鴉(かんあ) "cold raven", "cold crows"


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Duck (kamo 鴨 かも)

aokubi 青頸(あおくび), magamo真鴨(まがも)
small duck, kogamo 小鴨(こがも)

duck in the reeds, yoshigamo 葭鴨(よしがも), ashigamo 葦鴨(あしがも), minogamo 蓑鴨(みのがも), minoyoshi 蓑葭(みのよし)
red duck, hidorigamo緋鳥鴨(ひどりがも)
long dail duck, onagagamo 尾長鴨(おなががも)

hoshibajiro 星羽白(ほしはじろ), kingurobajiro 金黒羽白(きんくろはじろ)

Greater Scaup "lead duck" suzugamo 鈴鴨(すずがも)
Aythya marila

duck with white cheeks, hoojirogamo 頬白鴨(ほおじろがも)
black duck, kurogamo 黒鴨(くろがも)

shinorigamo しのり鴨(しのりがも)

Red-breasted Merganser, umiaisa 海秋沙(うみあいさ)
Mergus serrator

Common Merganser, kawa aisa 河秋沙(かわあいさ)
Mergus merganser

Smew, miko aisa 巫秋沙(みこあいさ)
Mergellus albellus

merganser, aisa あいさ

"stick to hit ducks", kamo uchi 鴨打(かもうち)
boat for hunting ducks, kamo bune 鴨舟(かもぶね)
"duck path", kamomichi 鴨道(かもみち)

DUCK KIGO in all seasons


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Eagle(washi 鷲) big eagle, oowashi 大鷲
dog eagle, inuwashi 犬鷲
white-tailed eagle, oshirowashi 尾白鷲
bald eagle, hagewashi ハゲワシ 禿鷲
wild eagle, arawashi 荒鷲
eagle on the coast, isowashi 磯鷲
and more



Egret in winter, fuyu sagi 冬鷺 (ふゆさぎ) Japan
nokorisagi 残り鷺(のこりさぎ)egret still left




Falcon, peregrine falcon, hayabusa 隼 (はやぶさ)
Falco peregrinus
..... nukumedori 暖鳥 (ぬくめどり)
. Falconry, hunting with falcons and hawks ... KIGO



Flamingo Yemen



Goose, geese in winter (kari, gan) fuyu no kari 冬の雁(ふゆのかり)
geese in the cold, kangan 寒雁
"white goose", hakugan 白雁(はくがん)




:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

Grebe (kaitsuburi カイツブリ)
Little Grebe, kaitsuburi かいつむり、nio にお、niodoriにおどり
Tachybaptus ruficollis

Red-necked Grebe, akaeri kaitsuburi
赤頸 かいつぶり(あかえりかいつぶり)
Podiceps grisegena

Horned Grebe (Slavonian Grebe), mimi kaitsuburi
耳かいつぶり(みみかいつぶり)
Podiceps auritus

Black-necked Grebe (Eared Grebe), hajiro kaitsuburi
羽白かいつぶり(はじろかいつぶり)

Podiceps nigricollis

muguridori 潜り鳥(むぐりどり)
ichoo muguri 一丁潜り(いちょうむぐり)
hachoo muguri 八丁潜り(はっちょうむぐり)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Hawk (taka) ... with more related kigo



Heron (aosagi) egret (shirasagi)


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Hooded gull (miyakodori 都鳥 (みやこどり)
..... yurikamome, 百合鴎 ユリカモメ)
Larus ridibundus

Gull in winter, fuyu kamome 冬鴎 (ふゆかもめ)

GULL KIGO in all seasons

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Lapwing, Northern Lapwing tageri 田鳧 (たげり)
Vanellus vanellus
. Lapwing, Peewit in India .


Lark in winter, fuyu hibari 冬雲雀 (ふゆひばり)



Mandarin Ducks (oshidori)
. . . . . Other names (wings implies birds) are :
"thoughtful wings", omoiba 思羽
"gingko tree wings", ichooba 銀杏羽
"sword wings", tsurugiba 剣羽
husband/wife, oshi no tsuma 鴛鴦の妻
feather coat of a mandarin duck
..... 鴛鴦の毛衣 おしのけごろも
mandarin duck sleeping on the water
..... oshi no ukine 鴛鴦の浮寝 おしのうきね
mandarin duck sleeping alone
..... oshi no hitorine 鴛鴦の独寝 おしのひとりね





nightingale in winter, fuyu no uguisu 冬の鶯 (ふゆのうぐいす) Japan
sasanaki 笹鳴 (ささなき)
konaki 小鳴(こなき)
fuyu uguisu 冬鶯(ふゆうぐいす)
nightingale in the cold, kan ou 寒鶯(かんおう)
nightingale in the underbrush, yabu uguisu 藪鶯(やぶうぐいす)





Owl (fukuroo 梟)
snow owl, shirofukuroo, 白梟
horned owls, mimizuku 木菟, ミミズク , zuku 菟
gorosuke 五郎助(ごろすけ)
torafuzuku 虎斑木菟(とらふずく)long-eared owl
komimizuku 小木菟(こみみずく)small owl
washi mimizuku 鷲木菟(わしみみずく) "eagle owl"
collared scops owl、ookonohazuku 大木葉菟 (Otus bakkamoena)
Buddhabird owl, konohazuku
木の葉菟 (コノハズク) Otus scops japonicus
fukuroo naku 梟鳴く(ふくろうなく)owl is howling
and many more



Plover (chidori 千鳥 (ちどり))
tsukiyo chidori 月夜千鳥(つきよちどり)plover on a moonlit night
and many more kigo




Shrike in winter, fuyu no mozu 冬の鵙 (ふゆのもず)
..... fuyumozu 冬鵙(ふゆもず)
shrike in the cold, kan no mozu 寒の鵙(かんのもず)
Shrike kigo of all seasons




Sparrow in the cold, kan suzume 寒雀 (かんすずめ)
kogoesuzume 晩冬 凍雀(こごえすずめ)freezing sparrow
fukurasuzume ふくら雀(ふくらすずめ) "inflated" sparrow,
puffed up the feathers to keep warm




swallow on its way, tooshi tubame 通し燕 (とおしつばめ)
"swallow over winter" ettoo tsubame 越冬燕(えっとうつばめ)
"swallow over the new year" otsunen tsubame
越年燕(おつねんつばめ)
"swallow left behind" nokori tsubame
残り燕(のこりつばめ)





Swan, white swan (hakuchoo 白鳥)
Cygnus cygnus
kohakuchoo (こはくちょう) 小白鳥 Bewick's swan
naki hakuchoo ナキハクチョウ trumpeter swan
"black bird", black swan, koku choo 黒鳥(こくちょう)
kigo for late winter
white swans are coming, hakuchoo kuru. 白鳥来る(はくちょうくる)




:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


CLICK for more photos
Wren (misosazai, 鷦鷯,ミソサザイ, 三十三才)
Troglodytes troglodytes
In winter he comed down in the valleys, so we can see him more often. In summer he lives in the forests and deep valleys.
(The last spelling should not be read like "33 years" !)
..... takumidori 巧婦鳥(たくみどり)
..... kabutochoo 兜蝶(かぶとちょう)



*****************************
Worldwide use


*****************************
Things found on the way



*****************************
HAIKU


bright autumn sky -
the shadow of a hawk
on my hands


Gabi Greve, September 2006

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

汝等も福を待かよ浮寝鳥
nanjira mo fuku o matsu ka yo ukinedori

are you, too
waiting for good luck?
waterfowl


Issa
Tr. David Lanoue



:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


Birds of the New Year



First crow, hatsu garasu 初鴉 (はつがらす )

First craw of the cock, hatsu tori 初鶏 (はつとり)

..... "first voice" hatsu koe 初声 (はつこえ )

First dove, hatsu bato 初鳩 (はつばと)

First nightingale, hatsu uguisu 初鶯 (はつうぐいす)

First sparrow, hatsu suzume 初雀 (はつすずめ)



First crane, hatsuzuru 初鶴 (はつづる)
..... hatsutazu 初田鶴(はつたづ)




See each main entry for more details about the birds.

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

birds in various seasons


Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)
North America


. Mockingbird (bokkingu baado モッキングバード ) .
North America


Weaver birds (Ploceidae family)
Kenya


END of the BIRD SAIJIKI

:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


THE BIRD SAIJIKI

***** .. Birds of Spring Japan

***** .. Birds of Summer Japan

***** .. Birds of Autumn Japan

***** .. Birds of Winter and New Year Japan


The complete BIRD SAIJIKI


:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::